时间:2018年12月11日 10:45:32

Only 3% of the water on our planet is fresh.地球上只有3%的水是淡水Yet these precious waters are rich with surprise.可是这些珍贵的淡水中却充满了惊奇All life on land is ultimately dependant upon fresh water.所有陆地生命归根结底都依赖于淡水The mysterious tepuis of Venezuela, isolated mountain plateaus rising high above the jungle.神秘的委内瑞拉平顶山区,一个孤立于丛林之上的的山地高原This was the inspiration for Arthur Conan Doyles Lost World, an imagined prehistoric land.这里是亚瑟·柯南·道尔的著作《失落的世界》的灵感源泉,一个想象中的史前世界Here, strange towers of sandstone have been sculptured over the millennia by battering wind and torrential rain.这里伫立着数千年来暴风骤雨雕凿成的奇形怪状的石塔Moisture, rising as water vapour from the surface of the sea, is blown inland by wind.水蒸发成水蒸气从海面升起,接着被风带到内陆。On reaching mountains, the moist air is forced upwards途经山脉的时候,水气被迫抬升and as it cools, it condenses into cloud and finally rain, the source of all fresh water.逐渐冷却,汇聚成云,最后形成降雨,这便是所有淡水的来源。There is a tropical downpour here almost every day of the year.这里全年几乎每天都会降下热带暴雨201704/506731

TED演讲视频:纸风光舞之乘着纸 风和光舞蹈舞编Aakash Odedra患有诵读困难,他一直觉得动作是他表达的最佳方式。“私语”是他对该体验的歌颂。让我们看他旋转着穿越风暴中央的同时,书本里的纸张在他周围飞扬。201705/509300

In this American English pronunciation , were going to study American English by looking at a short text.在这段美语发音视频中,我们将会通过一小段文字来学习美式英语。Topic: what I ate for breakfast.I call this a Ben Franklin exercise.话题:我早餐吃了什么。我把这个方法称为本·富兰克林练习。This is when you take very good notes, very detailed notes, on what youre hearing.这种方法就是根据你听到的内容做详细的笔记,And then go back and try to record yourself based on what youve written down, the notes.然后回过头来根据你所做的笔记试着自己录音。Did you write down a flap T, or the way two words link together?你记下了一个浊音T,还是两个单词的连读方式呢?After youve recorded yourself, compare it to the original. Did you do everything that you wanted to do?给自己录完音后,与原录音进行对比。你做到想做的一切了吗?In this , were going to take notes together.在这个视频中,我们会一起来做笔记。This morning for breakfast, I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk. This is my favorite breakfast. But sometimes, I do have eggs.今天的早餐,我吃了芭芭拉碎燕麦,喝了牛奶。这是我最爱的早餐。但有时,我会吃鸡蛋。So lets take a look at whats happening here.让我们看看这里发生了什么。;This morning for breakfast.; One of the first things I notice is how much this S and M were connected.“This morning for breakfast.” 首先我注意到了这里的S和M是连在一起的。;This morning, this morning.; Its almost like the S went on the next word: ;smorning, smorning. This morning. This morning for breakfast.;“This morning, this morning.” 就好像这个S是在下一个单词中一样:“smorning, smorning. This morning. This morning for breakfast.”Did you notice how I pronounced the word ;for;?你注意到了我是怎样读单词“for”的吗?That was reduced to ;fer;, ;fer;, ;fer;. Very quick, with the schwa/R sound. ;For, for, for breakfast.;它被略读为“fer”,“fer”,“fer”。非常快,连着弱读的R音。“For, for, for breakfast.”;This morning for breakfast.; Also I notice the rhythm here. ;Morn-; and ;break-; are the two stressed syllables.“This morning for breakfast.” 我还注意到了这里的节奏。“Morn-”和“break-”是被重读的两个音节。;This morning for breakfast.; They have that swooping up and then down shape of the voice that makes up a stressed syllable.“This morning for breakfast.” 它们有先升后降的形状组成了重音音节。Lets listen in slow motion.;This morning for breakfast.;;This morning for breakfast.;我们听一下录音慢放。今天的早餐。今天的早餐。;This morning for breakfast, I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk.;今天的早餐,我吃了芭芭拉碎燕麦,喝了牛奶。What do you hear as being the stressed syllables? I hear ;Barbaras;, ;Shredded;, and ;milk;.你听到的重音音节是什么呢?我听到的是“Barbaras”,“Shredded”和“milk”。What else do you notice你还注意到了什么呢?;I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk.; I notice that ;Barbaras; is only two syllables, even though it looks like it might be three.“I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk.” 我注意到了虽然“Barbaras”看起来像是三个音节,但其实它只有两个音节。We sort of leave this middle sound out here.;Barb-ras, -ras.; Also note this apostrophe S is the Z sound.我们几乎把中间的音给省掉了。“Barb-ras, -ras.” 还要注意这个撇号后面的S发Z音。Thats because the sound before is voiced, so the apostrophe S is also voiced. ;Zzz, zz, -ras, -ras. Barbaras.;这是因为它前面的字母是发音的,所以撇号后的这个S也是发音的。“Zzz, zz, -ras, -ras. Barbaras.”I also notice that the ED ending here is pronounced as the IH as in sit vowel, D sound.我还注意到了这里词尾的ED发音是IH,就像“sit”里的元音和D音。Thats because the sound before was a D. ED endings are among the few cases in American English that follow regular rules.这是因为它前面的音是D。ED结尾的发音是美语里面少数几个遵循固定规则的例子之一。;I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk.;我吃了芭芭拉碎燕麦,喝了牛奶。I notice that the word with is not reduced, but its very flat in pitch because it is unstressed.我注意到了单词“with”没有被略读,而是下降音调,这是因为它是非重音。;With, with, with.; Its also quite fast. ;With milk, with, with, with, with milk.;“With, with, with.” 它的音还很快。“With milk, with, with, with, with milk.”;I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk.;我吃了芭芭拉碎燕麦,喝了牛奶。Lets listen in slow motion.;I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk.;;I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk.;我们听一下录音慢放。我吃了芭芭拉碎燕麦,喝了牛奶。我吃了芭芭拉碎燕麦,喝了牛奶。;I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk. This is my favorite breakfast.; What was stressed in that sentence? I heard ;fav-; and ;break-;.“I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk. This is my favorite breakfast.” 这个句子中的重音是什么呢?我听到的是“fav-”和“break-”。Also, these three words, ;this is my;, those were incredibly fast. Listen again.;This is my favorite breakfast.;还有,“this is my”这三个词读得非常快。再听一次。这是我最爱的早餐。So this string of three unstressed words, ;this is my; ;this is my; ;this is my; ;this is my;: very fast, and very connected.所以这一串三个非重读的词,“this is my” “this is my” “this is my” “this is my”:读得非常快,连接得非常紧。I also notice that the word ;favorite; was only pronounced with two syllables, as if this letter was dropped. ;Fav-rit, favorite, favorite.;我还注意到了单词“favorite”只被发出了两个音节的音,好像中间的字母被丢掉了一样。“Fav-rit, favorite, favorite.”;This is my favorite breakfast.;这是我最爱的早餐。Im also noticing this T pronunciation. The final T in ;favorite; was pronounced as a stop.我还注意到了这个T的发音,在“favorite”结尾的T音是停顿的。;Favorite, favorite, favorite breakfast.; So, there was no release, tt, of the T sound. ;Favorite breakfast.;“Favorite, favorite, favorite breakfast.” 所以这里的T音没有被发出来。“Favorite breakfast.”Lets listen in slow motion.我们听一下录音慢放。;This is my favorite breakfast.;;This is my favorite breakfast.;这是我最爱的早餐。这是我最爱的早餐。;This is my favorite breakfast. But sometimes, I do have eggs.;这是我最爱的早餐。但有时,我会吃鸡蛋。Did you notice the lift here, where the comma is?你注意到逗号这里的上升语调了吗?;But sometimes, I do have eggs.; There was just a little pause there for the punctuation.“But sometimes, I do have eggs.” 这里的标点处只有一点停顿。I also noticed how I stressed the word ;do;.我还注意到了单词“do”被重读的方式。;I do, I do have eggs.;;But sometimes, I do have eggs.;我会吃鸡蛋。但有时,我会吃鸡蛋。The word ;eggs;, even though its a content word, a noun, which is usually stressed, doesnt have that much stress, I notice, because its at the end of a sentence. ;I do have eggs.;单词“eggs”,即使它是一个实义词,名词,通常是被重读的,我注意到,它在这里却没有很明显的重音,这是因为它是在句子的结尾。“I do have eggs.”;Eggs, eggs,; with just a little curve up, and then down in the voice. ;I do have eggs.;“Eggs, eggs,”只有一点上升,然后就降下来。“I do have eggs.”Also, the plural ending here, S, is pronounced as a Z.Thats because the sound before, the G sound, is a voiced consonant. ;Eggs, eggs.;还有,这里的复数结尾S的发音为Z。这是因为前面的辅音G是发音的。“Eggs,eggs.”Lets listen in slow motion.;But sometimes, I do have eggs.;;But sometimes, I do have eggs.;;But sometimes, I do have eggs.;我们听一下录音慢放。但有时,我会吃鸡蛋。但有时,我会吃鸡蛋。但有时,我会吃鸡蛋。So, just three little sentences. But we really were able to study a lot about American English pronunciation.所以,这只是三个短句子,但我们真的可以从中学到美语发音的很多知识。Lets listen once in slow motion.我们听一遍整体的录音慢放。This morning for breakfast, I had Barbaras Shredded Oats with milk. This is my favorite breakfast. But sometimes, I do have eggs.今天的早餐,我吃了芭芭拉碎燕麦,喝了牛奶。这是我最爱的早餐。但有时,我会吃鸡蛋。I hope this has given you some ideas on how to take notes and study the speech of native speakers.我希望这些在你做笔记和学习英语母语者演讲方面有所帮助。Do this on your own. Take and audio clips that interest you, or that have topics that are important to your field of work.自己来做一下这个练习。找一些你感兴趣的视频或音频片段,或者是与你工作领域相关的主题。After you take good notes, record the text yourself, and compare to the original recording. What do you still need to work on, or what did you do well?在你做好笔记之后,录下你读的文章,然后与原录音进行对比。你在哪些地方还需努力,或者在哪里做得比较好?This is a great way to improve your pronunciation.这是一个提高发音的好办法。Thats it, and thanks so much for using Rachels English.这次的学习就到这里,非常感谢使用Rachels English。201706/513063

Visual intelligence is the concept that we see more than we can process视觉智慧是大脑能对看见的信息进行处理and its the idea of thinking about what we see, taking in the information通常来说 大脑无法及时处理过多的信息and what do we really need to live our lives more purposefully and do our jobs more effectively.而我们需要留下那些能让我们更有目地更高效生活的信息I work across the professional spectrum.我是专门研究光谱的So I work with police officers and intelligence analysts and doctors and nurses and librarians,我需要和警察 智力分析师 医生护士和图书管理员来一起合作but whats interesting for me is that the four As are applicable to all of that.但是对我来说有趣的是这四条对他们来说都适用And what they are is any new situation, any new problem, any new client, any new transaction, any new environment无论你的处境 问题 客户 交易是什么 无论是处在什么样的环境中that youre in you practice four As.这四条准则都适用The first one is you assess your situation.第一评估你的处境What do I have in front of me?我正面临着什么What information is here?在这有什么信息?I want people to go beyond the four corners of what they think they see.我希望你不要把目光局限于你认知中的四周So this is whats in front of me; this is where I am. ask someone. This is my situation; heres where I am;this is what I see.这就是我眼前看到的一切 这就是我所在的位置 告诉别人你的处境Is there something here I might be missing?问他 你是否有遗漏不妥之处Because by asking someone else we realize that no two people see anything the same way?通过问别人你会明白不同的人看事情的角度不一样 当然So, of course, that doesnt work all the time but if youre in an office situation, if youre in a medical situation这不一定时时适用 但如果你在政府与医疗体制下工作and you have the opportunity to collaborate你就有机会整合已知信息you get the biggest picture of your assessment if you ask other people what they see as well.你能得到更多关于你评估的描绘如果你向更多的人问前面一样的问题The second step is to analyze the information. Thats where you break it down and you say whats important?第二步是分析信息 将得到的信息分解 并且问自己什么是重要信息What do I need to prioritize? Whats most important?什么是当务之急的 什么是最重要的And what dont I really have to worry about at all?什么是我根本不需要担心的I find that when you make a mental list in your head okay heres my situation我发现当你在你的脑子里将这些信息列一个表的时候 好了 这就是我的处境and you divide it into two categories, information I need, information I might need and information I definitely dont need.你将信息划分成了两类 一类是我需要或可能需要的信息 另一类是我压根不需要考虑的信息And for the information that you definitely dont need put it away清除那些你根本不需要的信息because our brains are so cluttered with so much information that因为你的脑子里杂乱地充斥着太多的信息If you can from the outset get rid of some information do it, but keep that middle category information that you might to need从一开始就舍弃一些无用的信息留下可能会需要的because you might have to draw on it when you dont realize that its important.因为你还没意识到其重要It could become more important as the process goes on.随着事情的进展 它可能会变得更加重要And then the third A I thing is actually the most important.接下来说第三点 也是我认为最重要的一点Its how you articulate what you observe.那就是将你观察到的事物表达出来Whether you send an email, whether you pick up the phone, whether you tell a colleague,无论是以发邮件 打电话 给同事讲述的方式whether you write it down, the idea of putting into words what your observations are is the most important还是将它写下来 将你观察到的事物用文字表达出来是最重要的一点because I tell all my groups I dont know why this is but something gets lost from here to here to here.我经常和我的团队成员讲 我总会在所思所说到所写方面有些许遗漏之处Our brains and our eyes see something but when it comes to articulating those observations,大脑和眼睛会告知我们所看到的东西的模样whether is poor choice of words or an inability to communicate effectively theres a real loss that Im trying to redress.但当想要将其表达出来时 却发现词穷语尽这是一个损失 也是我一直想补救的损失I ask people to be mindful of every word. Every word counts.我要他人留心每一个字 每个字都很重要And an example that I can give you that I give in the book was the investigation of the murder of Chandra Levy in Washington DC back in 2001.举个栗子 调查早在2001年发生的Chandra Levy在华盛顿哥伦比亚特区被谋杀案时When the instruction was given to look for the body the instruction was to look 100 yards from every trail in the park当时指示是在案发地点范围内搜寻被害人尸体where she disappeared, but when the instruction was repeated they said look 100 yards from every road in the park.开始是对每隔100码的小径进行排查后面指令改为重复搜查每隔100码每条路Now the change of one word from trail to road changed the whole scope of the investigation.一字之差改变了警方整个搜查范围So in that third A, in that articulating what you observe, I ask people be mindful of every word because someone is listening and every word counts.所以对于第三点阐明你的观察 我希望你们留心每个字 因为言者无心 听者有意And the fourth A is after youve assessed, analyzed and articulated第四行动 在评估分析与连贯地表达你的所见后what it is that you observe you adapt your behavior or you make a decision or as I like to say you act.你应该学会改变你的行为 马上做出决定或采取行动You take all that information then you make a judgment call based on those three other elements.在前面三点的基础上整合信息然后做出决定I want people to act according to their observations我希望你能够通过你的观察思考后再行动如果你被质疑so if youre ever questioned about why you made a certain decision,为啥你会做这个决定 走这条路why did you take a certain road, why did you solve a problem为啥要用这种方式来解决问题this way youre able to come back to the other As and say well I thought the situation was this.回溯前三点 这样做能够更好地阐明你的处境This was the information I thought was important.这就是我认为重要的信息I perceived this therefore I made this decision.我认为这个重要所以我才做出这个决定Give yourself the tools to back up the decisions you make找些工具来明你的决定是正确的so that when your questioned about your decisions这样当你的决定受到质疑的时候you have all the information you need to make a thoughtful purposeful and objective assessment of why you made the decision.你就具备了为你的决定做一个详细的 目的明确的 客观的评估所需的全部信息201706/514636

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201611/478384

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