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2018年12月15日 08:06:27    日报  参与评论()人

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抚顺人流哪里好A review of more than a thousand studies has found solid evidence that being overweight or obese increases the risk for at least 13 types of cancer. The study was conducted by a working group of the International Agency for Research on Cancer, part of the World Health Organization.一篇涵盖了上千份研究的报告发现了确凿据:超重或肥胖会增加至少13种癌症的患病风险。进行这项研究的工作团队来自于隶属世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)的国际癌症研究组织(International Agency for Research on Cancer)。Strong evidence was aly available to link five cancers to being overweight or obese: adenocarcinoma of the esophagus; colorectal cancer; breast cancer in postmenopausal women; and uterine and kidney cancers.该团队已发现食道腺癌、结肠直肠癌、绝经期乳腺癌、子宫癌及肾癌五种癌症与超重或肥胖相关的有力据。This new review, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, links an additional eight cancers to excess fat: gastric cardia, a cancer of the part of the stomach closest to the esophagus; 这篇刚刚发表在《新英格兰医学杂志》(New England Journal of Medicine)的还指出,另有八种癌症也与人体积蓄过多脂肪有关,liver cancer; gallbladder cancer; pancreatic cancer; thyroid cancer; ovarian cancer; meningioma, a usually benign type of brain cancer; and multiple myeloma, a blood cancer.分别是贲门癌(在胃与食道连接处产生的癌症)、肝癌、膀胱癌、胰脏癌、甲状腺癌、卵巢癌、脑膜瘤(一种通常为良性的脑癌),以及多发性骨髓癌(血癌的一种)。According to the chairman of the working group, Dr. Graham Colditz, a professor of medicine and surgery at Washington University in St. Louis, these 13 cancers together account for 42 percent of all new cancer diagnoses.该工作团队主席格雷厄姆#8231;寇迪兹士(Dr. Graham Colditz)是圣路易斯华盛顿大学(Washington University in St. Louis)的内外全科教授,他表示,这13种癌症加起来占了所有新发癌症诊断的42%。“Only smoking comes close” as an environmental factor affecting cancer risk, Dr. Colditz said. “And that’s an important message for nonsmokers. Obesity now goes to the top of the list of things to focus on.”寇迪兹说,作为会影响癌症风险的环境因素,“只有抽烟能(与肥胖)相提并论。这对不抽烟的人来说是重大警讯。如今肥胖问题在所有注意事项里面排第一了。”Obesity is associated with significant metabolic and hormone abnormalities, and with chronic inflammation, factors that may help explain its link to cancer.肥胖与代谢及荷尔蒙显著异常还与慢性炎症相关,而这些因素或许能帮助解释肥胖为何与癌症有关。Elizabeth A. Platz, a professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and a widely published cancer researcher who was not involved in the report, 伊莉莎白#8231;A#8231;普拉兹(Elizabeth A. Platz)是约翰#8226;霍普金斯大学布隆格公共卫生学院(Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health)的流行病学教授,也是发表了许多研究成果的癌症专家,她没有参与撰写这份,said that this was a “high-caliber working group of respected epidemiologists and laboratory researchers,” and that women in particular should take note of the results.不过她表示这是一个“由备受敬重的流行病学家与实验室研究人员组成的高素质工作团队”,女性尤其要注意该报告的结论。“The strongest association they found,” she said, “is with uterine cancer. And postmenopausal breast cancer is also connected to obesity, especially estrogen receptor positive cancer. These are important messages that women need to hear.”“他们发现有最强烈关联的,”普拉兹说,“是子宫癌。绝经期乳腺癌也与肥胖有关,特别是雌激素受体检验呈阳性的癌症。女性同胞要把这些重要讯息听进去。”Most of the studies the researchers looked at were observational so can’t prove cause and effect, though researchers considered evidence sufficient if an association could not be explained by chance, bias or other confounding factors. 这些专家学者所检视的大多都是观察型研究,所以不能明肥胖与这些癌症有因果关系,不过他们认为其间的相关性若没有其他意外、偏差或混淆因素的话,据已经足够。And most compared any increases in risk to that of an adult of normal weight having a body mass index of 18.5 to 24.9.而大部分癌症风险增加的情形,都是与体重正常、身体质量指数(body mass index, BMI)介于18.5与24.9之间的成人比较出来的结果。For some cancers, the group found that the fatter the person, the greater the risk. In endometrial cancer, for example, compared with a woman of normal weight, one with a B.M.I. of 25 to 25.9 was at a 50 percent higher relative risk.该研究团队发现,人越胖,罹患某些癌症的风险就越高。拿子宫内膜癌来当例子,与体重正常的女性相较,一个BMI指数介于25与25.9之间的女性罹患此种癌症的相对风险提高了50%。But her risk more than doubled at B.M.I.s between 30 and 34.9 and more than quadrupled at B.M.I.s of 35 to 39.9. A woman with a B.M.I. of 40 or more was at seven times the risk for endometrial cancer as a woman of normal weight.当她的BMI指数达30到34.9之间,罹病风险达两倍;BMI指数介于35到39.9之间,风险则是4倍。一位BMI指数达到或超过40的女性,罹患此症的风险是体重正常女性的7倍。The group found only limited evidence that obesity could be linked to three additional types of cancer: male breast cancer; prostate cancer; and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the most common form of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.至于肥胖与男性乳腺癌、前列腺癌、弥漫性大B细胞淋巴癌(最常见的一种非霍奇金氏淋巴癌)这另外三种癌症的关联,该团队仅找到有限据。They found no adequate evidence to link obesity with squamous-cell esophageal cancer, gastric noncardia cancer, cancer of the biliary tract, lung cancer, cutaneous melanoma, testicular cancer, urinary tract cancer, or glioma of the brain or spinal cord.食道鳞状细胞癌、非贲门型胃癌、胆道癌、肺癌、黑色素皮肤癌、睪丸癌、尿道癌、脑部或脊髓胶质母细胞瘤这几种癌症,他们则没有找到足够据持其与肥胖有关。Does losing weight reduce the risk? Although animal studies suggest that it does, Dr. Colditz said, “it’s hard to study in humans because so few people lose weight and keep it off. But the priority of avoiding weight gain is the first thing we need to address.”减重是否可以降低风险?虽然动物研究的结果显示可以,但寇迪兹士表示:“我们很难对人类进行研究,因为减重又保持不复胖的人太少了。让民众把避免体重增加当作要事来看待,是我们该最先着手的。” /201608/463517抚顺市胜利矿职工医院治疗痔疮便血多少钱 Unethical Amnesia’ Explains Why People Conveniently Forget Their Awful Behavior“不道德的健忘症”解释了为什么人们很快地忘记他们可怕的行为It feels bad to be reminded of unsavory actions — accidentally insulting a colleague, forgetting your sibling’s birthday, acting a fool at your best friend’s wedding. So you conveniently forget about it.想起那些让人讨厌的行为的感觉很糟糕-不小心侮辱了同事,忘记自己兄弟的生日,又或者在朋友的婚礼上像个傻瓜一样。所以你很快就忘记了这些。According to a new study, there’s a name for that:unethical amnesia.一项新的研究将这种行为命名为 “不道德的健忘症” 。As author Maryam tells Science of Us, she and her co-author Francesca Gino wanted to examine why people repeatedly do bad things. What the organizational psychologists, of Northwestern University and Harvard Business School, respectively, found is that recalling unsavory actions causes “psychological discomfort,” so people have fuzzier memories of the bad things they’ve done. It has to do with the concept of self: Evidently, it’s natural to discard evidence that you’re not an ethically pure person.作者玛利亚姆告诉我们说,她和她的合著者法兰西丝卡.吉诺想调查清楚为什么人们重复得做糟糕的事情。西北大学和哈佛商学院的工业组织心理学家分别发现回忆那些令人讨厌的行为会引起心理上的不适,因此人们对于他们所做的那些糟糕的事情的记忆比较模糊。这与自我观念有关:显而易见,抛弃那些明你不是一个道德纯粹的人的据会很自然。To ferret out this cognitive mechanism, the researchers did nine experiments with a total of 2,100 participants.为了确认这一认知机制,研究者们在2100个参与者中做了9个试验。In two of those experiments, participants were asked to write about ethical or unethical actions from their personal histories. Fitting the hypothesis, unsavory memories were less vivid than the positive ones. And, intriguingly enough, memories of others’ actions didn’t differ in clarity depending on whether they were good or bad.在其中的两个试验中,参与者们要求根据自己的过去写下一些道德或者不道德的行为。符合预期的设想,对于不道德的行为的记忆比道德行为的记忆要模糊很多。而且更加有趣的是,关于其他事情,无论好坏,记忆的清晰度都没太大差别。In another study, participants completed a coin-toss task where they could lie to get more money. Two weeks later, the researchers measured their memory of playing the game and other episodes from that time, like eating dinner. Similarly, the people who cheated in the coin tossing had worse recall than the people who didn’t.在另一个研究里,参与试验的人通过投掷硬币来完成一个可以用说谎来赚钱的任务。两周后,研究者测试了他们对此次任务的记忆以及期间的其他事情,比如说吃完饭之类的。同样的,在投掷硬币中撒了谎的人的记忆比那些没撒谎的人的记忆差很多。But it’s not just from direct experience. In another experiment, participants were asked to a story about cheating or not cheating on an exam, from either a first-person or third-person perspective. Again, the participants who the story about cheating from the first-person perspective had worse recall, and the third-person ers had no difference.但是,这不是直接的经验。在另外一个试验中,参与者要求以第一人称或者第三人称的视角读一篇关于考试作弊和未作弊的故事。再次,以第一人称视角阅读考试作弊的参与者的人的记忆很差,而以第三人称阅读的参与者的记忆则没有太大的差别。As an assistant professor at Northwestern’s Kellogg Business School, explains, the amnesia has a protective quality. We hold ourselves to be moral agents in the world, so evidence of wrongdoing creates all sorts of dissonance between our ideas about ourselves and our actual behavior. The unethical amnesia acts like an “adaptive defensive behavior,” helping our egos sidestep unpleasant truths.西北大学凯洛格商学院的副教授解释道,健忘症有一种保护的特质。在这个世界上,我们一直持道德标准自居,因此那些糟糕行为的据会在我们的思想和实际行为之间产生不和谐。不道德的健忘症就像是自我适应的防卫行为一样,帮助自我避讳不愉快的真相。 /201606/448534抚顺中山女子医院贵么

新抚医院网上咨询An Indian man who bought one of the world#39;s most expensive shirts made entirely of gold has been allegedly battered to death, police said.据警方表示,曾购买了一件由纯金打造、堪称全球最贵的T恤的一名印度富豪,近日竟然被人活活打死。Datta Phuge shot into the global limelight in 2013 when he bought a shirt made with more than 3kg of gold and worth 0,000 (186,943 pound). A money lender based in western Pune, Mr Phuge was called ;the gold man;.2013年,达塔·普盖购买了一件由超过3公斤重的黄金打造的T恤,价值25万美元(约合186943英镑),凭此闻名全球。他是一名印度西浦那地区的放贷人,人们称其为“金人”。Four persons have been detained for questioning. Police suspect a dispute over money led to the murder.目前已有四人被拘留审问。警方怀疑是因金钱纠纷而导致的这起谋杀案。The police said some 12 people attacked Mr Phuge, 48, in Pune on Thursday night. One of the suspects had invited Mr Phuge and his 22-year-old son to celebrate a birthday at an open ground in Dighi area when the men attacked him with stones and a sharp weapon.据警方表示,在周四晚上,共有多达12人在浦那袭击了48岁的普盖。其中一名嫌疑人邀请普盖和他22岁大的儿子参加蒂基区一个露天场所举办的生日庆祝会。但是在事发地,普盖被手持石块和锋利武器的人袭击。Police said the son had witnessed his father being murdered and had been spared by the alleged killers.据警方表示,普盖的儿子目睹了父亲被杀的全程,但是凶手并没有对他下手。;However, we are investigating how Mr Phuge reached the open ground where he was murdered,; Dighi police station inspector Navnath Ghogare told the Press Trust of India news agency.蒂基警察局局长Navnath Ghogare在接受印度诚信新闻出版社采访时表示:“无论如何,我们目前正在调查普盖到底是如何抵达他被杀的露天场所的。”Mr Phuge often wore gold all over his body: his knuckles, neck, and wrists were weighed down by signet rings, chunky bracelets, and a medallion.普盖经常在全身都穿上黄金:手指上戴着金戒指、脖子上戴着金项链、手腕上戴着沉甸甸的图章戒指和厚重的金手镯,胸前还戴着一块大奖章。;Some people ask me why I#39;m wearing so much gold but it was my dream. People have different aspirations. Some elite people want to own an Audi or Mercedes, and have big cars. I chose gold,; he told the B in 2013.2013年,普盖在接受B采访时曾说道:“一些人不理解为什么我要穿这么多黄金在身上,但这是我的梦想。人们都有不同的愿望。一些精英人士想要有一辆奥迪或者奔驰、拥有豪车。而我则选择了黄金。” /201607/456167 抚顺清原县医院治疗不孕不育多少钱新抚区怀孕检测多少钱

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