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13. Its easy to keep cacti.仙人掌很好养活。还能这样说:Cacti can be easily kept.Its not difficult to keep cacti alive.应用:in bad keep 保存得不好;in good keep 保存得好;keep from 避开;禁止;隐瞒;keep on with 继续14. Can you give me some advice about how to plant camellia?关于养茶花你能提些建议吗?还能这样说:Could you tell me how to grow camellia well?Can you teach the methods of growing camellia?谚语:Many receive advice only the wise profit by it.得到忠告的人很多,唯智者能从中受益。15. We have a grassy lawn in our garden.我们的花园里有绿草如茵的草坪。还能这样说:You can see a green turf in our garden.Our garden is covered with grassy lawn.谚语:The neighbors lawn is green.邻家的草坪绿(老婆别人的好)。16. Keep off the grass, please!请勿践踏草坪!还能这样说:Youre not supposed to walk on the grass.You are not allowed to walk on the lawn.应用:cut ones own grass 自食其力;cut the grass from under sb.s feet 妨碍某人;拆某人的台;hear the grass grow 特别敏锐17. The flowers have withered away.花谢了。还能这样说:The flowers have fallen and scattered about.The flowers have sicken.应用:the flower of the youth of the country 国家的优秀青年;no flowers (by request) 花圈敬辞;as welcome as flowers in May 极受欢迎的 /201303/229106我们上次讲了几个由up这个词开头的习惯用语。今天再学几个。 Up这个词可以解释为“往上”,例如在这个习惯用语里: up the wall。 Wall当然是墙壁,up the wall字面意思是上墙。上墙可不是件轻而易举的事儿。这也许就是这个习惯用语的出典。当然作为习惯用语up the wall是作比喻了。我们听个例子来体会它的意思吧。这位先生在说自己养的两条处处都招人疼,只是到了吃饭的时候麻烦就来了。我们听听那是怎么回事儿:例句-1:At dinner they sit right next to me staring up with those big, sad eyes like theyre starving. This drives me up the wall; they wont stop begging until I sneak a bite of food under the table for them. But theyre getting as fat as a pair little pigs.他说:吃饭的时候它们紧挨我坐着,瞪大了悲伤的眼睛仰望着我,好象块饿死了的样子。这可真让我受不了。我要是不把一口吃的偷偷放到桌下给它们,它们就不罢休。但是它们已经长得越来越胖,简直象一对小肥猪了。这两条要是老这样贪吃,会越来越超重,对它们的健康有害。谁都明白:的主人不该在吃饭的时候喂吃人的食物,以避免吃下过多不利健康的东西,但是这位心疼爱犬的主人却受不了两个宝贝的苦苦哀求,只好满足它们。所以习惯用语up the wall是用来描绘受不了的情况,或者是我们常说的“快把我逼疯了”的意思。Up the wall时常和动词drive搭配。我们说:drive somebody up the wall, 是形容把某人逼得实在受不了。这个习惯用语沿用至今已经有五十来年了。******今天要学的第二个习惯用语是up to scratch。Up to scratch这个习惯用语起源于九十来年前,来自早先在室外举行拳击赛的时代。当时人们在泥地的拳击场上划出一条线,就叫做scratch,而两名拳击选手在准备开始比赛的那一刻得脚尖抵着这条scratch面对面站着。换句话说,他们得up to scratch, 才合乎拳击赛的规定。久而久之,人们把up to scratch用到和拳击比赛无关的地方去了。我们听个例子吧。说话的是个经理,他正在办一件棘手的事儿:得对一个名叫Joe的下属指出他的工作表现够不上标准。好,我们来听他怎么说:例句-2: Joe, I have to tell you - your work is simply not up to scratch. Youre slower than others in your department and the results arent as good. Well give you a couple of months to improve, but if you cant, Im very much afraid well have to let you go.这位经理对Joe说:他的工作速度比同部门的其他人都来得慢,而且工作效果也不如他们好,可见Joe的工作表现是不合格的。他说要给Joe一、两个月的时间争取改进,但要是Joe还改不了,那恐怕只得把Joe解雇了。这里的习惯用语up to scratch显然表示“合格的,”或者“合乎标准的。”还有两个短语和up to scratch意义相似。一个是: up to par。另一个是: up to snuff。Up to par和up to snuff跟up to scratch一样,都可以用来表示“符合标准的,” 但是up to snuff还常用来说某人处于正常的健康状况。例如这句话:He feels up to snuff.这是说他觉得自己身体状况正常。******今天最后要学的习惯说法是一个单词: upmarket。 Upmarket是由up和market组成的复合词。大家一定知道market是市场,up常常表示“在上方”或者“在上层。” 这样看来复合词upmarket是高档市场,然而upmarket 是当形容词用的,所以更确切地说upmarket是用来描绘迎合上层社会富人的喜好和需求的高档商品。比方说,象Rolls-Royce那样的名贵轿车、钻石项链,或者一套价值好几千美金的高尔夫球棍。Upmarket也可以指高级住宅区的房子,或者专为有钱人务的高档购物地点。我们来听个例子。说话的人在劝告朋友Bob。事情的原委是Bob打算向女朋友求婚,为了打动芳心,想给女朋友买一只昂贵的大钻石戒指,作为订婚的信物。我们听听他给Bob什么忠告:例句-3:Bob, be smart and shop around in regular jewelry stores. Stay out of those upmarket places that charge more for the same stones. Remember they have to pay a lot higher rent and spend a lot more on furniture just to impress people like us.他说: Bob, 放聪明点,多走几家一般的首饰店比比价钱,别去那些高档地方,同样的钻石在那儿价钱就高。记住,他们付的房租更高,买家具花的钱也更多,目的就是吸引象我们这样的顾客。这里的upmarket用来描绘高档商店。 /201410/329760Situation 23情景 23Someone broke into my trunk.有人开了我的行李箱。Chicago Police.芝加哥警察局。Id like to report a theft.我想要报一件偷窃案。What happened?发生了什么?Someone broke into my trunk.有人开了我的行李箱。Whats missing?掉了什么?I dont know.I cant get it open.我不知道。我打不开它。Chicago Police.芝加哥警察局。Id like to report a theft.我想要报一件偷窃案。What happened?发生了什么?Someone broke into my trunk.有人开了我的行李箱。Whats missing?掉了什么?I dont know.I cant get it open.我不知道。我打不开它。What happened to your car?你的车怎么了?Someone broke into my trunk last night.昨晚有人开了我的行李箱。Did they get anything?他们拿了什么东西?They took my spare tire.他们拿了我的备用胎。Did you report it to the police and your insurance company?你报告警察和你的保险公司了吗?Yes,I did.是的,我报告了。What happened to your car?你的车怎么了?Someone broke into my trunk last night.昨晚有人开了我的行李箱。Did they get anything?他们拿了什么东西?They took my spare tire.他们拿了我的备用胎。Did you report it to the police and your insurance company?你报告警察和你的保险公司了吗?Yes,I did.是的,我报告了。Did you notice my store window?你有没有注意到我的橱?窗No.Why?没有。怎么了?Someone broke it.有人打破它了。When?什么时候?During the night,I guess.我想是在夜里。Youd better call the police right away.你最好马上打电话给警察。Did you notice my store window?你有没有注意到我的橱窗?No.Why?没有。怎么了?Someone broke it.有人打破它了。When?什么时候?During the night,I guess.我想是在夜里。Youd better call the police right away.你最好马上打电话给警察。 /201207/189136Rob: Hello and welcome to The English We Speak. Hi, Feifei. I saved this table for us. This is my favourite coffee shop.罗伯:大家好,欢迎来到我们所说的英语。你好,菲菲。我留了这个桌子给我们。这是我最爱的咖啡店。Feifei: Hi, Rob. Thanks for inviting me to have breakfast with you. Its nice to have the first meal of the day in the company of a colleague before going to the office.菲菲:你好,罗伯。谢谢你邀请我和你一起吃早餐。在去办公室之前和同事一起吃一天的第一顿饭的感觉很好。Rob: Yes, indeed. Lets chew the fat.罗伯:是的,的确是。让我们来侃大山吧。Feifei: Ah, you wont catch me this time! I know what you mean by chew the fat!菲菲:啊,你这次不会难住我了!我知道你说的“侃大山”是什么意思!Rob: Every language has some expressions that have a literal meaning and a figurative one. Im glad youve heard this one before.罗伯:每一门语言都有一些短语既有字面意思又有比喻义。Feifei: In English, the expression chew the fat means to talk in a friendly way, socially, without actually exchanging too much serious information. Maybe gossip a bit…菲菲:在英语中,“侃大山”这个短语的意思是友好地聊天,社交式的,不说特别多严肃的话题。或许有点八卦...Rob: Yes. Its a casual conversation, like the one we might have now, over breakfast.罗伯:是的。这是个随意的对话,就像我们正在进行的对话,早餐时。Feifei: But first, lets hear some examples of how to use the expression chew the fat.菲菲:但是,首先,让我们听一些关于如何使用这个短语的例子。I dont want arguments at the dinner table! Lets not talk about football or politics – let’s just chew the fat about other things.我不想再晚餐的时候争吵!我们不要再讨论足球或政治了——我们聊一聊其他事吧。Mary left the company two years ago but shes always around chewing the fat with her old colleagues.玛丽两年前离开公司了但是她总是和旧同事侃大山。Rob: So now you know what chew the fat means. Lets enjoy some fat. I took the liberty of ordering some food for you - and its on its way now.罗伯:所以现在你知道“侃大山”的意思了。让我们享受肥肉吧。我冒昧地给你点了一些食物,现在已经在做了。Waitress: And here you have two plates of your typical English breakfast, as you ordered, sir.菲菲:给您点的两盘传统英式早餐,先生。Rob: Thank you. Mmmmm - that smells delicious! Come on, Feifei, tuck in while its still hot.罗伯:谢谢。嗯,这闻起来很好吃!来吧,菲菲,趁它还热尽情地吃。Feifei: Oh Rob. It looks nice but its a lot of food. Fried egg, cooked mushrooms, half a tomato, a lot of bacon…菲菲:哦罗伯。它看起来很好但是这好多吃的啊。煎鸡蛋,炸蘑菇,半个西红柿,好多培根...Rob: Yes. It is our typical fry-up.罗伯:是的。这是我们传统的英式早餐。Feifei: I like eggs and tomato but… theres a lot of fat here.菲菲:我喜欢鸡蛋和西红柿但是...这有很多的脂肪。Rob: Come on, just chew the fat! Its very cold outside and theres nothing like a hearty meal to start the day full of energy.罗伯:别这样,享用这肥肉吧!外面很冷而且没有比一顿丰盛的早餐更让人充满能量了。Feifei: Well, it is really cold and the meal smells nice. Maybe eating a bit of fat occasionally wont make me… well… fat.菲菲:外面的确很冷,而且肉闻起来很好。或许偶尔吃一些肥肉不会让我...变胖。Rob: Come on, lets chew the fat. Ive heard that John hired a new secretary. Hes got one aly so why does he need two?罗伯:来吧,让我们侃大山吧。我听说约翰雇了一个新秘书。他已经有一个了那么为什么他需要两个?Feifei: I know. And she doesnt have much to do anyway… Mmmmm… this bacon is really crispy. Lets chew the fat. Bye.菲菲:我知道。而且她没什么可做的...嗯...这个培根很脆,让我们咀嚼肥肉吧。再见。Rob: Bye. Mmmmm. Glorious greasy food! Mmmmm…罗伯:再见。嗯。极棒的油腻的食物!嗯... /201402/277334

经典句型:I want to check tliese 3 pieces. 我有3件行李要托运。A:Do you have any luggage to check?甲:有要托运的行李吗?B:I want to check these 3 pieces.乙:我有3件行李要托运。A:Sorry, your luggage is over weight. You have to pay 30 yuan.甲:对不起,您的行李超重了。您要付30元。B:Here you are.乙:给你。A:Here are your luggage bill and your boarding pass.甲:这是您的行李单和登机牌。经典句型:Do I have to check this bottle of wine? 这瓶酒要托运吗?A:Anything to check?甲:有要托运的吗?B:Do I have to check this bottle of wine?乙:这瓶酒要托运吗?A:Yes. Liquids are not allowed on the plane.甲:是的。液体是不允许带上飞机的。句型讲解:check表示“办理登机手续和进行行李托运”。可以对工作人员说I have a luggage to clieck.Id like to check this luggage.Id like to have this luggage checked.我要托运这件行李。 /201405/297972

9. When the flowers open out, the tantalizing aroma perfumes the air.花盛开时,到处弥漫着诱人的芳香。还能这样说:The air is full of aroma when the flowers come out.The blossomed flowers make the air aromatous.应用:a bottle of perfume 一瓶香水;perfume ones hair 在头发上洒香水;a perfumed talk 骂人话,坏话10. Calyx canthus can be in full bloom even in winter.腊梅在寒冬依然开花。还能这样说:Calyx canthus put forth flowers in winter.Calyx canthus are in flower even in winter.应用:and (so on and) so forth 等等;so far forth as ...到……的程度;sway back and forth 前后摇动;burst forth (芽、蕾)绽放;(火山等)爆发11. I am going to grow some roses.我想栽些玫瑰花。还能这样说:Id like to plant some roses.I want to cultivate some roses.谚语:No rose without a thorn.玫瑰都有刺。12. In the garden more grow than the gardener sow.有意栽花花不开,无心插柳柳成荫。还能这样说:A watched flower never blooms, but an untended willow grows.Follow love and it will flee thee, flee love and it will follow thee.应用:Everything in your garden is nice.一切都是再好不过了;天官赐福,令人满足了(常带讽刺意味)。 /201303/228940

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