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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2018年11月15日 10:03:47
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Time is a bird ever on the wing. ( T. W. Robertson ) 时间是一只永远在飞翔的鸟(罗伯逊) 500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9835199.jpg');}" alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9835199.jpg" onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0>If you do not learn to think when you are young, you may never learn. ( Edison ) 如果你年轻时不学会思考,那就永远不会(爱迪生) 500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9835193.jpg');}" alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9835193.jpg" onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0>A day is a miniature of eternity. ( Emerson ) 一天是永恒的缩影(爱默生) 500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9835191987.jpg');}" alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9835191987.jpg" onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0>Morality may consist solely in the courage of making a choice. ( L. Blum ) 品德可能仅仅在于有勇气作出抉择(布鲁斯) 500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9835197.jpg');}" alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9835197.jpg" onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0>If there were less sympathy in the world, there would be less trouble in the world.( O. Wilde ) 如果世界上少一些同情,世界上也就会少一些麻烦(王尔德) 500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_983519.jpg');}" alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_983519.jpg" onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0> 03Ozzy and Sharon Osbourne, it's perseverance. Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter, it's maintaining separate work lives. Doyle and Louise Brunson, having separate bank s helps.对奥兹#86;奥斯伯恩(Ozzy Osbourne)和雪伦#86;奥斯伯恩(Sharon Osbourne)这对夫妻来说,婚姻是一种坚持对吉米#86;卡特(Jimmy Carter)和罗莎琳#86;卡特(Rosalynn Carter)这对夫妻来说,美满婚姻意味着在工作上互不干涉对多尔#86;布朗森(Doyle Brunson)和路易丝#86;布朗森(Louise Brunson)这对夫妻来说,账户分开是个小诀窍A mer first lady, a rock star who's been in and out of rehab more times than he can remember, and a professional poker player can all offer considerable insight into the mysterious workings of marriage. After all, their wisdom is gleaned from decades of conjugal bliss.这三对夫妻中,罗莎琳.卡特是美国前总统的夫人;奥兹#86;奥斯伯恩是个摇滚歌星,往返于康复中心的次数连他自己都记不清了;多尔#86;布朗森是个职业扑克选手,对于维系婚姻的秘诀有非常深入的看法不管怎么说,他们对于婚姻的智慧都来自于几十年婚姻的积累和沉淀OK, maybe it wasn't always bliss. But each of them has stayed married -- to the same person -- a very long time. And each considers his or her marriage to be happy, strong and mutually supportive.当然,婚姻并不总是快乐的,但这几对长期以来一直保持着不离不弃的婚姻关系─而且从一而终他们都认为自己的婚姻关系是快乐、稳固和彼此持的In other words, they beat the odds.换句话来说,他们做到了许多人未能做到的事情It is often possible to understand why a marriage fails, as so many do. It is much more difficult, though, to elucidate why one succeeds. Why do some couples thrive, while others fizzle or flame out, despite their best intentions?人们往往可以理解一段婚姻为什么会失败,因为失败的婚姻确实很多;但说清楚一段婚姻为什么能成功却要困难得多虽然每个选择婚姻的人都想好好过日子,但为何有些夫妻能相濡以沫,而有些夫妻却过得鸡犬不宁?

Since the days of ancient Rime the Calla Lily has been treasured as a flower of celebration. First cherished as a celebration of light, then a funeral flower, in today’s world the Calla Lily has become one of the most desired flowers brides use to celebrate their wedding day. It is associated with the lily as a symbol of purity and as such, these spectacular flowers are beginning to rival the rose in popularity bridal bouquets. 500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_983353.jpg');}" height369 alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_983353.jpg" width501 onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0>在远古的时候马蹄莲就被视为庆祝之花.现在马蹄莲已经成为结婚庆典时新年最喜欢的花之一.马蹄莲象征着纯洁,已经同玫瑰一样成为婚礼上最受欢迎的花束.500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_983367.jpg');}" alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_983367.jpg" width500 onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0 pop"点击在新窗口中打开" resized"true">The Calla Lily, originally from the continent of Africa, is rich with history, and it is an elegant and colorful flower to enjoy on any occasion. Either as a cut flower, or in your garden, the Calla Lily’s bloom is a show-stopper, and its wide range of colors make it a special flower to enjoy. 马蹄莲起源非洲大陆,历史悠久.它的端庄以及华美适合任何场合500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_98337.jpg');}" alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_98337.jpg" onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0>The Calla Lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica, is often called the white or common arum lily. Although most often referred to as Calla “Lily,” the calla is not related to true lilies (genus Lilium) or to the lily family. The Calla is an arum and closely related to houseplants such as the philodendron, spathiphyllum, pothos, monstera, and caladium. In the wild, the Calla Lily prefers marshy areas. One of its closest relatives is the Skunk Cabbage, which also prefers a marsh environment, and is one of the most abundant and earliest-blooming northern wildflowers. Some varieties of Calla Lilies are fragrant, though thankfully, they do not share the pungent odor of the Skunk Cabbage!马蹄莲属天南星科的多年生草本球根花卉它有肥大的根茎,叶柄较长,叶形如倒心脏形,先端较尖;花茎高出叶片,花苞白色,苞片中心是由很多的小花所组成的肉质、柱形、黄色花序,花苞倒置如马蹄,故名马蹄莲花苞与花序相配又如莲座,故又名观音莲、水竿及慈姑花Supposedly, the Calla Lily was named after Professor Giovanni Zantedeschi, 73-186, an Italian physician and botanist. The name aethiopica is thought to mean south of Egypt and Libya, though the word appears like it is related to Ethiopia in some manner. It is not know exactly when and how the Calla Lily was introduced to Europe, but it appeared in an illustrated of the Royal Garden in Paris in 6. 它另有四个园艺品种:花苞为黄色者,叶有白色透明斑点;花苞为红色者,植株较矮;花苞为淡黄色者,叶片大;花苞为黄绿色者,内侧基部为深紫色,称之为紫心黄马蹄莲 马蹄莲的花语是永恒 马蹄莲的花语中,有一个,代表着高贵,尊贵 马蹄莲的花语是 纯洁、纯净的友爱 马蹄莲的花语是纯洁无瑕马蹄莲: 气质高雅 马蹄莲:优雅 马蹄莲:春风得意 马蹄莲:象征永结同心 马蹄莲:象征"圣法虔诚,永结同心,吉祥如意" 马蹄莲:象征希望,高洁 马蹄莲:象征圣洁虔诚,永结同心,吉祥如意学名:Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.)K. Spreng. 英名:calla 其他中文名: 百合花、慈姑花、蕃海芋、佛焰苞芋、观音莲、喇叭花、水芋、野芋 科属:天南星科 马蹄莲属 产地及分布:原产埃及、非洲南部我国各地寒冷地区以温室栽培,暖地露地栽培在昆明栽培花大色白,品质好它那乳白色喇叭状大花苞,中央着生着黄色圆柱肉穗花序,给人高贵脱俗、吉祥如意之感有较好的应用前景形态特征:多年生草本株高约1米具肥大肉质块茎叶片箭形,先端锐尖,全缘,鲜绿色肉穗花序,下部生雌花,上部生雄花;佛焰苞近卵形,具长尖,白色浆果种子倒生,卵圆形自然花期~月果熟期6~8月 所用品种:在栽培中主要使用本种生产切花 主要用途:切花马蹄莲花梗挺拔、花形典雅,具有纯洁无瑕的寓意,是昔日欧美等国应用较多的新娘捧花现在主要使用在花篮、花束中,很多插花、瓶花作品里往往也少不了它500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.style.cursor'hand'; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" onclick"if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9831.jpg');}" alt"" src"http:pic.kekenet.comReadUploadFiles_9831.jpg" width500 onload"if(this.width>500) {this.resizedtrue; this.width500; this.alt'点击在新窗口中打开';}" border0 pop"点击在新窗口中打开" resized"true"> 337

  @YzO;!JTsq!Z.W-sPtEIopGsrYEZUFC%cI0Qz8These miniature earrings that look like Lilliputians desserts, are by far the cutest ones youll ever find! Especially made those who are crazy about desserts, try and find which ones youll love the most. See yourself the Sweetest Miniature Earrings.这些小小的耳环看起来很像利立浦特(小人国)的甜点(@0|;HMbWQW+这也是目前为止你所能找到的最可爱的耳环nAW,AzBMSt)d~i这些耳环是特别为那些痴迷于甜点的人准备的,试试吧,看哪个是你最喜欢的mqbJhsG]!Md下面是我们为你精心挑选的款迷你耳环eEV(^W88jaStrawberry Cake with Tea草莓蛋糕和茶LwKTBjK).These earrings make you wanna eat a strawberry cake with your afternoon tea!吃下午茶的时候,这对耳环会勾起你吃草莓蛋糕的食欲!gj([k%Y,dkC~s[+zpeHX~6De#H1XpNb5[K(6iL+Mp 951

  The Scottish border town of Gretna Green has an influx of visitors, and not just the human kind.It seems locals and tourists alike just can't get enough of watching millions of starlings converge on the sky on sunset as the birds search a safe place to roost.Hundreds of spectators have been treated to the amazing sunset display, which has left them mesmerised by the huge flock's sweeping aerial acrobatics.Dozens of people watch in awe as millions of starlings return to roost at dusk near the Scottish border town of Gretna GreenDrivers on the A7M, the main motorway between England and Scotland, have been stopping in their droves to witness the sight.But the shear mass of birds is causing a distraction to commuters and truck drivers who are urged to take extra care when pulling over and parking to watch the display.And while it may look like the birds are on a kamikazi mission, the logic behind their aerial acrobatics makes much more sense.Every winter, the birds take to the skies after a long day spent feeding in nearby reed beds.As they take flight during the last minutes of daylight, the starlings fly quick and fast in a bid to confuse waiting predators such as sparrowhawks and buzzards. The swirl of starlings was clearly visible in the early evening skyThe sheer number of starlings appears to turn the sky blackThe tiny birds must converge, fly and squawk, in an attempt to confuse their predators, reaching speeds of more than mph, with few if any crashes.Scientists say the secret behind their amazing spatial awareness is that each starling tracks seven other birds enabling the group's cohesion.The naturally occurring event is a spectacle which takes place only during the winter months.A farmhouse can just be seen in the distanceThe spectacular winter sight has mesmerised nature loversStarling numbers have halved in the last 5 years and they are now red-listed as an endangered species.Experts say the starlings are a mix of British and European birds and will leave Russia in February and March.Nature lover Jon Tait, , said: 'It's amazing to see the natural world like this. The shapes and movements they make are beautiful - Hollywood special effects couldn't make it more breathtaking.'Whenever I get the train I have to dive undercover at the station when they come because they leave a bit of a mess, but it's worth it to see them in the sky. The starlings put on a permance every night as they come to roost in the area bee leaving Russia苏格兰边境小镇格里特纳格林迎来大批“访客”,只不过它们不是人类数百万只星椋鸟聚集在格里特纳格林镇的上空,寻找安全的栖息之地,在夕阳西下的映衬下显得格外显眼,令当地人和游客们目不暇接数百名观众目睹了这一黄昏奇景,大群星椋鸟变戏法的奇特飞行让他们看呆了为了观看这一绝美景观,驾车行驶在英格兰和苏格兰之间的A7M主路上的人们不由地停下来但是,雾般的这些鸟儿也给上班族和卡车司机带来麻烦,他们被要求停靠路边格外小心这些鸟儿看起来象在执行“神风”任务,它们的飞行逻辑使得队形妙不可言每年冬天,星椋鸟会在附近的芦苇荡中觅食,一天活动之后,它们就会飞上天空结伴飞行在夕阳的余晖中,在领头鸟的带领下快速而聚集飞行,以迷惑食雀鹰和秃鹰之类伺机等候的捕食者为了迷惑它们的天敌,这些小鸟一定是聚集一起,盘旋飞行,并发出叫声它们的飞行速度超过每小时英里,而且,很少发生碰撞科学家称,星椋鸟令人惊讶的空间意识的秘密是为了保聚集一起,每只鸟跟踪另外7只鸟这种自然奇观只发生在冬天的几个月内 80。

  

  Early morning sunshine lights autumn leaves on Oct. , in London, England. Fine weather is expected in parts of the ed Kingdom on Oct. . (Peter MacdiarmidGetty Images)图为年月日,英格兰,伦敦市,清晨的阳光“点亮”了树上的枫叶预计日当天,英国部分地区将出现晴朗天气

  5.The companies that are hoping to corner the market on space tourism5.期望垄断太空旅游市场的公司Fasten your seat belts, space tourism is aly a thing – American businessman Dennis Tito flew into space aboard a Russian Soyuz rocket that arrived at the International Space Station on April 30, 01. He was followed by a few others until Space Adventures halted the program in after the International Space Station professional crew of astronauts and cosmonauts increased to six people, leaving no room the tourists.系好你的安全带,空间旅行已经成为现实——美国商人丹尼斯蒂托搭乘俄罗斯联盟号火箭飞向太空,并于01年月30号抵达国际空间站继他之后,也有一些宇航员体验太空旅行一直增加到6人一同旅行,但是该项目在年被停止了Space Adventures was set to resume the program in , but that has yet to occur. (Singer Sarah Brightman is scheduled an assignment in .) In the meantime, several other companies have offered various space tours, various prices with various conditions. Below are a few options the discerning space traveler: XCOR Aerospace - At ,000 per person, the Lynx rocket plane – which can hold a pilot plus one passenger – will take tourists to suborbital space and will make four trips per day. Test flights began in . World View Enterprises – ,000 per seat, a pressurized capsule is hauled up by a space balloon and parafoil to 0,000 feet above earth. The vehicle will float up into suborbital flight and then glide back (this takes about hours). Passengers will not need any anti-gravity training, and can even enjoy refreshing beverages in the cabin.Virgin Galactic – At ,000 a pop, a few celebrities have aly signed up to soar 68 miles above the earth surface including Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie, Leonardo DiCaprio, Ashton Kutcher and Justin Bieber. The Mars One Project – It free, but there a catch – “pioneer settlers” will not return to Earth, but will live and work on Mars, making it their permanent new home. Those chosen will undergo 8 years of training, prior to embarking on their journey. The first inhabitants will land in 3, followed by more settlers every two years.传言,太空探险公司将在年恢复该项目,但是到目前为止还未有任何动作(据说歌手莎拉·布莱曼预计将在年体验太空旅行 )与此同时,其他几家航空公司也提供了各种价格和各种配置的太空旅行来抢占市场以下介绍的就是几家航空公司推出的几种太空旅行的方式:XCOR航空公司——太空旅行人均95000美元,提供猞猁火箭飞机-可容纳一名飞行员和一名乘客,可以进行每天次的太空旅行,年开始试飞World View 公司——太空旅行人均75000美元,其提供的是乘客在一个密封舱中体验旅行,这个密封舱是被离地球上方0000英尺的一个翼伞和太空气球吊在太空中的这个飞行器械会浮在亚轨道飞行,然后滑翔(这大概需要个小时)乘客不需要进行任何反重力的训练,甚至可以在客舱内轻松地享受清凉饮料维珍——太空旅行人均50000 美元,一些著名人士已经签署可以从地球表面飙升68英里以上的协议,这些名人包括布拉德皮特,安吉丽娜朱莉,莱昂纳多·迪卡普里奥,艾什顿·库奇和贾斯汀·比伯The Mars One Project公司——它提供的太空旅行是免费的,但是有个条件——“移民先驱”不能返回地球,要在火星上生活和工作,将火星当做今后永久的新家这些“移民先驱”将会经历大约8年的训练,才能开始他们的太空旅行该公司预计第一个居民将在3年登陆火星,后续每两年就会新增更多的定居者.The film studio that allows ;flyers; to relive the golden era of air travel.可以重温空中旅行黄金时代的电影工作室Sometimes travel doesnt necessarily require a real destination to evoke a feeling. those of you out there who remember the golden age of air travel (the 60 and 70s), or missed out on it altogether, you can now buy a ticket on a glamorous faux Pan Am flight and pretend you are part of the magic.有时候旅行并不一定需要去一个实在的目的地,而是企图唤起心灵的一种感觉如果你们之中有人还想重拾空中旅行的黄金时代(60和70年代)的记忆,或者是由于完全错过了那个时代而想要体验那个时代的,现在就可以买票去迷人奇妙的泛美航空班机并且假装自己是魔法的一部分去体验空中旅行Air Hollywood, a film studio located in Los Angeles, has created a set that emulates a Pan Am jet of the early 1970s. Known as The Pan Am Experience, this once-a-month event lets anyone with (or 7 “Clipper Class”) climb into Air Hollywood perfect recreation of a 1970s-era 77 and spend a few hours enjoying air travel of a bygone era: ;Your Pan Am experience starts on the main deck with a cocktail and beverage service in the First Class cabin. Each stewardess that greets you will be adorned in her original 1970′s Pan Am unim. Our Pan Am crew will offer various amp; audio selections while you sit back in your Pan Am Sleeperette seat and sip a cocktail.Soon after, youll climb the winding staircase where the crew will set your table a truly memorable dining event. In classic Pan Am style, youll be offered your favorite cocktail and be served a delightful gourmet meal. Everything from the china to the glassware is authentic with careful attention to the exquisite service delivery of the era and offerings of Pan Am.;Dont get to dress up! Air Hollywood requests that passengers don appropriate attire to fly, just like they did in the 1970s.空中好莱坞,是位于洛杉矶的一个电影工作室,已经制造了一架模拟1970年代初的泛美航空公司飞机泛美航空的美妙旅行,一个月开放一次,人均97美元(或者“急速级别”人均197美元),让乘客进入空中好莱坞,体验1970年代乘坐77航空旅行的美妙感觉泛美航空公司将为头等舱的乘客提供鸡尾酒和饮料等,并且77的空都是身穿1970年代的制,让人感到真正回到了那个年代泛美航空的机组人员还会在你乘坐飞机,品尝鸡尾酒的同时让乘客选择想听想看的的各种音频和视频的文件在泛美航空经典的风格中,你会享受到为您提供独特的鸡尾酒和美食大餐泛美航空精致的务是绝对令人称赞的,所用的玻璃器皿均从中国精挑细选,所有的菜单和务都做到细心精致还有一点,千万不要忘记穿着打扮!空中好莱坞要求乘客们不要穿着不合适的装,就像1970年代所做的那样3.The NYC subway show that has spawned a police crackdown3.在镇压中挣扎存在的纽约地铁While subway travel is nothing new or unusual, what can occur during a ride sometimes is.虽然地铁不是什么新颖的或者是独特的旅行方式,但是有时候也会在旅途中有意想不到的收获Irritating to some locals, but loved by tourists, subway dancing is a uniquely New York experience. However, you should catch ;showtime; as soon as you can – the powers that be (city officials) are cracking down as ;permances and other non-transit-related activity are prohibited on subway cars.;在纽约,除了当地人,游客们很喜欢乘坐地铁旅行,在纽约的地铁中跳舞和表演节目也是一种独特的体验然而,在乘坐地铁的过程中你须尽可能地抓住“showtime”,因为政府是禁止在地铁里的所以说纽约地铁的旅行方式是在镇压中挣扎存在的独特体验,尽可能地抓住“showtime”吧,体会一把独特的跳舞之旅.The underwater railway that will link China to the US.连接中国和美国的水下隧道China is taking the audacious, if not impossible, step of building a rail line underwater, which would – in theory – link it to the ed States.中国正在尝试一项大胆的,几乎是不可能实现的工程,在水下建一条铁路这条水下隧道理论上是要连接到美国的Chinese officials are considering a route that would start in the country northeast, th through eastern Siberia and cross the Bering Strait, via a 5-mile long underwater tunnel into Alaska. The ;China-Russia-Canada-America; (doesnt roll easily off the tongue, does it?) would be approximately 8,000 miles long. ( comparison, thats 1,800 miles longer than the Trans-Siberian railroad or four times the length of the English Channel line.)Not surprisingly skeptics abound, but China insists it does have the technology and means to complete a construction project of this scale. Judging by the country rail construction boom of the last few years (tens of thousands of miles of track high-speed lines have aly been laid), China just may be onto something.中国官员正在考虑修建一条路线,将从中国的东北部开始,途经东西伯利亚,穿过白令海峡,再通过一条5英里长的水下隧道抵达阿拉斯加这条“China-Russia-Canada-America”(读起来不容易卷舌头,对吧?)有将近8000英里长相比之下,这条铁路比西伯利亚大铁路长1800英里或者说是英吉利海峡线长度的四倍当然很多人对此都保持怀疑态度,但是中国仍然坚持认为这种规模的建设项目是可以通过高端的技术和必要的措施完成的国家的铁路建设热潮已经过去了一些年(已经铺设好数万英里的高速路线的轨道),毫无疑问,这个项目的建设对中国来说是有重大意义的1.The elevator that will send people (and cargo) into space by 1.在年将会实现输送人或货物进入太空的电梯In , a Japanese construction giant, the Obayashi Corporation, announced it had the means to construct a space elevator and will have it up and running by the year .年,日本建筑业巨头,大林告诉宣布将构造一架太空电梯,并将此项目运行到年The company said that the elevator would reach 96,000km (59,65 miles) into space and use robotic cars powered by magnetic linear motors to ferry cargo – human and otherwise – to a not yet built space station. Obayashi is hoping to cut down on the dangers and cost of space travel via rocket with the elevator, and they are not the only ones doing so – mer NASA contractor Michael Laine launched a Kickstarter to raise funds to research the feasibility of a lunar space elevator.该公司表示,电梯将送达到离地球96000公里(5965英里)远的太空并且使用机器人汽车运送货物-人类和其他—去一个目前尚未建立的空间站大林希望通过火箭带上电梯送入太空来降低太空旅行的危险和成本,当然他们并不是唯一这样做的公司,NASA前承包商迈克尔·莱恩也发起一项kickstater的募捐活动来募集资金研究月球太空电梯的可能性无论这项工程是否能够实现,但是我们都不得不承认这是一个伟大的工程翻译:曹秋会 来源:前十网 1

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  5.Fruit Flies Think Bee They Act5.果蝇先想后行动A fruit fly lifespan is usually less than 60 days. That not much time to develop advanced mental capabilities. But a study from Oxd University shows that fruit flies actually think bee they act. They even take more time when making difficult decisions (although they obviously cant take more than 60 days).一只果蝇的寿命通常不超过60天,这点时间对它们来说要发展高级智能并不多但是牛津大学的一项研究发现果蝇通常会先想后行动它们甚至会花很多时间做出艰难的决定,显然它们是不能花60天以上的时间来思考怎么做出选择To begin their experiment, the researchers trained Drosophila fruit flies to avoid a particular concentration of an odor. Then the flies were placed in a narrow chamber. At one end was the odor concentration to be avoided; at the other end was a different concentration of the same odor.When the odor concentrations were easy to distinguish, the fruit flies would quickly go to the correct end of the chamber almost every time. But when the concentrations were hard to tell apart, the fruit flies took much longer to decide, leading researchers to conclude that they were gathering inmation bee making a decision.The researchers were able to predict the fruit flies decision-making process with the same mathematical models used humans and primates. This indicates a higher intelligence in fruit flies than was previously thought possible.实验最开始,研究员们对果蝇进行训练,让它们避开有着特定浓度的气味,然后把它们放入一个狭窄的室内,一端没有气味,另一端则置有不同浓度的同种气味当气味的浓度很容易区别的时候,果蝇基本上每次都能快速地选对正确的一端当两端气味的浓度难以区分时,果蝇则会花更长的时间来做出决定,这使得研究者们相信它们这是在做出决定之前收集信息借助用于研究人类及灵长类动物的同一数学模型,研究者们可以预测果蝇做决定的过程比之于之前人类所认为的,这预示的是果蝇可能拥有更高级的智能.Asian Elephants Comt Others In Distress.亚洲象会安慰情绪低落的同伴Consolation is rarely seen in animals, possibly because it may require empathy. But a study published in the journal PeerJ shows that Asian elephants will now join the select group of animals scientifically shown to display this behavior. Until now, the group has only included great apes, ravens and certain other corvids, and canines.安慰这一行为在动物中是很少见,这可能是因为安慰是需要移情作用的但是一项发布在PeerJ上的研究显示亚洲象会表现出这种行为,直到现在,会表现出这一行为的动物仅仅有猿,乌鸦以及其他一些鸦科动物,还有犬齿类动物A group of 6 captive Asian elephants in Thailand was observed over a year. When an elephant became stressed by something like a nearby dog or snake, its ears and tail would stand out and it might even emit a roar. When this happened, the researchers observed that other elephants would rush to the distressed one to offer physical and vocal comt.A consoling elephant tended to make a chirping sound, almost like it was calming a human baby with ;shh.; The comting elephant might also use its trunk to softly touch the distressed elephant face, or ;hug; by putting its trunk in the distressed elephant mouth. Nearby elephants might also respond as a group to help. The researchers also hope to study wild elephants to see if they also demonstrate this consolation behavior.泰国一组有6头圈养的亚洲象被观察了一年多当一头亚洲象因为附近的一只或者一条蛇而感到焦虑时,它的耳朵和尾巴就会突出来,甚至可能会发出吼叫声当这种情况出现时,研究人员观察到其他大象会冲到(聚集到)这只焦虑的大象身边,通过声音和肢体接触给与它安慰当一头大象在安慰别的大象时,它可能会发出低鸣声,就像它在用嘘嘘声安抚婴儿一样,也可能会用象鼻轻轻地触摸它的脸,或者把它的鼻子放进那头大象的嘴里,像是给它一个拥抱一样附近的大象们也会集体性地做出反应,给与它帮助研究者们也希望对野生大象进行研究,看看它们是否也会表现出这种安慰行为3.Wolves Are Better Copycats Than Dogs3.狼比更擅长模仿In a study published in the journal PLOS ONE, scientists found that wolves observe and learn from each other much better than dogs do.在PLOS ONE 期刊上发表的一项研究中,科学家们发现,比起,狼更擅长相互观察和学习The scientists studied wolves and mongrel dogs, each approximately six months old. During the test, each animal watched a trained dog open a wooden box with its mouth or paw to get a food reward. Afterward, all the wolves, but only four of the dogs, were able to open the box. The wolves were also more likely to use the method they originally observed.The scientists repeated the experiment nine months later to see if the animals age had been a factor. But it wasnt. Next, the researchers tested whether wolves are better problem solvers than dogs. Each animal tried to open the box without seeing it done first by a trained dog. Most of the wolves couldnt do it.The researchers believe that wolves are more dependent on each other, so they copy each other more easily than dogs. The scientists suspect that it this behavior in wolves that med the basis the original social understanding between dogs and humans.科学家们对条狼和条杂种进行了研究,它们都差不多6个月大在测试期间,每条狼和都要观看一只受过训练的用它的嘴巴和爪子打开一个木盒子,最终得到食物奖励的过程随后,受测试的狼都能成功打开盒子,而条中只有条能打开盒子由此可见,这些狼更容易使用它们最初观察到的方法科学家们在接下来的9个月里重复着这个实验,看看动物的年龄是否会是一个影响的因素但实验否定了这个假设接下来,研究者们对狼是否比更擅长解决问题做了试验试验中,每个动物都要尝试打开盒子,前提是没有观看受过训练的完成这一过程结果表明大多数狼都没能完成这一任务研究者们认为狼更加依赖彼此,比起来,它们更容易互相模仿科学家们怀疑,正是狼的这种模仿行为奠定了人驯化的基础.Rats Have Memories Like Computers.老鼠和计算机一样有记忆功能Like computers, rats have short-term, random-access memories that store inmation used in ongoing processes. Humans and crows also have these ;working memories.; In humans, this allows us to store and process inmation to play games, solve mental arithmetic problems, and follow conversations.像计算机一样,老鼠也有短期的随机存取的记忆功能,这种功能可以存储人和乌鸦也都有这种记忆功能,这对我们人类来说意味着我们在玩游戏,解决精神算法问题以及进行对话时可以对这些信息进行处理Researchers at the International School Advanced Studies were surprised to find this type of memory system in a mammal as simple as a rat. They found that the rats responded to vibrations with their whiskers much as humans would with their fingertips. The rats working memories helped them recognize and decide how to respond to these environmental stimuli. Without this type of RAM, rats wouldnt be able to use their experiences to figure out the best course of action.The researchers dont yet know which part of a rat brain is responsible working memory. Other researchers have identified the area in a crow endbrain that contains its working memory. Since a crow brain is structured differently from a mammal brain, this shows that the development of cognitive abilities is possible in different brain structures—including some much simpler than a human brain.高级国际研究学院的研究者们惊奇地发现哺乳动物的这种记忆系统和老鼠的一样简单他们发现,就像人类用指尖感受震动一样,老鼠则用胡须来感受震动老鼠的工作记忆功能帮助他们识别环境刺激,并对决定怎样对这些刺激做出反应如果没有这种像电脑读写存储器一样具有存储功能的记忆系统,老鼠就不可能利用他们的经历来解决最佳的行动方案研究者们也不知道老鼠大脑的哪个部位才是负责工作记忆的其他一些研究者已经识别了乌鸦端脑中含有工作记忆功能的部位由于乌鸦的大脑构造和哺乳动物的不同,这表明了大脑构造不同,认知能力的发展也可能不同,包括一些比人脑简单得多的1.Large Groups Of Lemurs Steal Food Behind Your Back1.一大批狐猴在你背后偷吃食物As an experiment in ;social intelligence,; Duke University researchers tested whether lemurs from big tribes or small groups were more likely to steal food from a human plate when that person wasnt watching.In the first test, two humans sat with two plates of food. One faced the plate and the lemur as it entered the room. The other person turned his back on the plate and the lemur. In the second test, the humans sat in profile as the lemur entered the room. One person faced the plate, the other was turned away from the plate. In the third test, both humans wore black bands as they faced the plates. One person wore the band over his eyes, the other over his mouth.在一项名为社会智能的实验中,来自杜克大学的研究者们对狐猴进行了测试,当人不看装着食物的盘子时,来自大部落的狐猴是否会比来自小部落的狐猴更有可能偷盘子里的食物呢?在第一组测试中,两个人坐着,面前分别放着一个装着食物的盘子其中一个人面对盘子,第二个人则背对着盘子和狐猴在第二组测试中,当狐猴进入房间时,他们两人侧坐着其中一人面对着盘子,第二个人则远离盘子在第三组测试中,两人面对盘子的同时都蒙着黑布条,其中一人用黑布条蒙住眼睛,另一个人则蒙住嘴巴Few of the lemurs understood the point of the black bands. But in the other tests, the lemurs from larger social groups were more likely than those from smaller groups to steal food behind a person back. The lemurs all had the same brain size. So this suggests that complex social intelligence in primates, including humans, evolved from living (and stealing) in large social groups, not from increased brain size.在第三组实验中,几乎没有狐猴明白黑布条在实验中的作用但在其他几组实验中,来自大部落的狐猴比起来自小部落的更可能在一个人背后偷食物实验中所有狐猴的大脑体积都一样这表明了,灵长类动物所拥有的复杂的社会智能,包括人类,是从社会集体中生活演化而来,而不是大脑体积增大所致翻译:李清海 来源:前十网 39719。

  

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