明星资讯腾讯娱乐2018年11月14日 09:06:39
A:You know what?A:你知道什么?B:What?B:什么?A:The world is getting nuts.A:这个世界正在发狂。B:Yeah...and you know what else?B:是,你还知道什么?A:What?A:什么?B:We be the nuts they getting!B:他们也这么说我们。 /201505/373716A: I hear smokeless tobacco has been bannedA:我听说无烟烟草已经被禁止了。B:Great!That’ll really helped clumsyB:太好了!正好帮助了那些笨人。A:How is that?A:怎么说?B:He can’t chew and play at the same time, anyway.B:无论如何,他总算不能一边吸一边玩了。 /201504/371659

Meat for Horse Drivers腾冲马帮菜-赶马肉In winter, it is extremely chilly on the Ancient Tea Horse Road, a passage vital for business between China and South Asia. A group of businessmen, who ride on the horse, must press on even in the most unfavorable weather. Since their images are always associated with horse, they are also entitled “Horse Drivers”. Aside from commodities, the second important thing they must carry is cured meat, the food suitable for the journey. Being suitable means the food must be easily cooked in a short time for the extension of time dwelling on the Road is tantamount to the accumulation of danger. Traveling day and night, they wish they could finish the trade as soon as possible and head home staying with their family. Therefore, they are always having the meal in the simplest and quickest manner. They simply take out the cured meat, cut them into pieces and simmer them in the covered pot. Sometimes, if the fresh meat is available in the market, they will cook the fresh one instead. The dish is thus called “meat for Horse Drivers”. Being simple and convenient, it is the optimal choice for businessmen on the Road.腾冲作为茶马古道的要冲,民间自然有马帮菜传承。其中最负盛名的就是“赶马肉”。它实际就是焖肉块。当年的赶马人会随身携带干腊肉,吃饭时,取出来剁成大块,焖上一大锅,当然,如果遇上集市能买到鲜肉,他们就会用鲜的五花肉代替腊肉。 赶马人在路上的每一天都冒着生命危险,行程多一天就多一份不安全,因此日夜兼程,饭菜以简单、方便为原则。“赶马肉”就成了最佳选择。 /201505/377237



  A nine-year-old boy from Morden, Manitoba, Canada, has taken up the lost art of letter writing — and he#39;s not writing to just anyone, he#39;s written to every world leader for whom he could find a mailing address.加拿大马尼托巴省莫登的一名九岁男孩重拾起消逝的写信艺术,而且他的信不是写给随便什么人的,而是给那些他能找到邮寄地址的各国领导人们。Levi Voth has written more than 230 letters and he#39;s received 27 responses.利维·沃斯已经寄出了230多封信,并且收到了27封回信。Among the 27 countries that responded to the nine-year-old#39;s request for information: Andorra, Germany, Brazil, Liechtenstein and North Korea.给9岁小男孩回信的27个国家包括:安道尔共和国、德国、巴西、列敦士登和朝鲜。;I#39;m always pretty happy when I get a letter back,; Voth said, but he thinks his favourite response was the one from North Korea, often called the Hermit Kingdom, due to its lack of interest in pursuing international diplomatic relations.沃斯说:“在收到回信时我非常的开心!”不过,他说他收到的最喜欢的回复来自朝鲜。人们通常称之为幽闭国度,因为他们对国际外交关系没什么兴趣。;I really wasn#39;t expecting one from there,; he added. ;They didn#39;t say anything, they just sent me some newspapers and some books.;他说:“我没想到他们会给我回复,他们什么也没写,只是寄给我一些报纸和书籍。”Voth told C#39;s Radio Noon that it has been a learning experience for him, ;Andorra, I had no clue about. Same with Lithuania and Lichtenstein.;沃斯在C的午间广播中说这对他来说是一种学习经历,“完全不了解安道尔共和国,立陶宛和列敦士登也不太知道。”Voth said he got the idea from a book his father to him, ;I thought it would be pretty cool to write letters to all the world leaders.;沃斯称他的想法产生于他父亲给他读的一本书。他觉得给世界各地的领导人写信很酷。Voth asked very specific questions to the leaders:沃斯对这些领导人问了一些细节的问题:If I went to your country, what should I make sure I see or do on my visit?如果我去你的国家,我一定要看或要做的事情是什么?What are you really proud about in your country?你们国家什么最让你自豪?What would you like the whole world to know about your country?你愿意让整个世界了解你们国家的什么方面?What is the best thing about living in your country?在你的国家生活,最好的事情是什么?If you could change one thing in your country, what would it be?如果你能够改变你们国家的一件事,那会是什么?;And at the bottom I wrote, #39;I can#39;t wait to hear back from you. If you#39;re ever in Manitoba, Canada I would like to go for ice cream with you,; Voth said.沃斯说:“在信的结尾,我是这么写的,#39;我迫不及待地想要收到你的回信,如果你在加拿大马尼托巴省的话,我想跟你一起吃冰淇淋。’”Botswana advised Voth that if he were ever in the country, to visit the Okavango Delta, which was listed as a World Heritage Site in 2014.Denmarktold him to check out Dyrehavsbakken, the world#39;s oldest operating amusement park.兹瓦纳在回信中建议沃斯,如果他来这个国家的话,记得参观奥卡万戈三角洲,这里在2014年被列入世界文化遗产。丹麦建议他去巴肯游乐场玩一玩,那是目前还开放的世界上最古老的游乐场。Voth said his next project will be to write to all the provinces in Canada and states in the U.S.沃斯说他下一个计划是写信给加拿大所有的省和美国所有的州。 /201506/382908

  Once, in the 1960s,the Soviet military forces chose a super beautiful northern locality anddrilled a big hole in the mountain to create a storage facility for nuclearwarheads there. Today it belongs on the endless list of abandoned Sovietobjects…20世纪60年代,苏联军队在北方选了一个非常美丽的地方,在山上打了个大洞,在里头建了个核弹头仓库。如今这一座仓库已加入苏联废弃建筑豪华午餐…… /201412/348865Anita Chanko could not sleep. At 4 a.m., on an August night in 2012, she settled onto the couch in her Yorkville living room with her dog, Daisy, and her parrot, Elliott, and flipped on the DVR. On came the prior night’s episode of “NY Med,” the popular real-life medical series set at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, starring Dr. Mehmet Oz. Mrs. Chanko, 75, was a fan of the show and others like it.2012年8月的一天夜里,安妮塔·钱科(Anita Chanko)失眠了。凌晨4点,她窝在自己位于约克维尔的家中客厅里的沙发上,在宠物黛西(Daisy)和鹦鹉埃利奥特(Elliott)的陪伴下,打开了DVR(数字视频录像机)。电视上播放的是前一晚的《纽约医务组》(“NY Med”),这是一部大受欢迎的医务纪实系列片,拍摄地点是纽约长老会医院(NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital),领衔主角是穆罕默德·奥兹(Mehmet Oz)医生。75岁的钱科女士是这部片子的忠实观众,十分喜欢看。“It starts off, there’s a woman with stomach cancer and her family, and then there’s somebody with a problem with their baby, I think it was a heart,” she remembered. “And then I see the doctor that treated my husband.”“片子开始了,先是一个患有胃癌的女子和她的家人,然后是某人和他们生病的孩子,我想是心脏的毛病吧,”她回忆道。“再然后,我看到了曾经抢救过我丈夫的那名医生。”Mark Chanko, her husband, died 16 months earlier, in April 2011, after being struck by a sanitation truck while crossing a street near his home. The doctors and nurses at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center tried in vain to save his life.16个月前的2011年4月,她的丈夫马克·钱科(Mark Chanko)在他们家附近过马路时被环卫车撞了,纽约长老会医院/威尔康奈尔医学中心(Weill Cornell Medical Center)的医生和护士们竭尽全力想要挽救他的生命,却没能成功。马克最后还是因为这起事故去世。On the TV screen, she saw a chief surgery resident, Sebastian Schubl, responding to an emergency in which a man is hit by a vehicle. “And then I see, even with the blurred picture, you could tell it was him,” she said. “You could hear his speech pattern. I hear my husband say, ‘Does my wife know I’m here?’ ”电视屏幕上,外科总住院医师塞巴斯蒂安·舒布尔(Sebastian Schubl)正在应对一起急诊,一名男子被车撞了。“接着我就看到了我的丈夫,尽管画面经过了模糊处理,但仍足以分辨出那就是他,”钱科太太说。“你可以听出他说话的方式。我听到他说:‘我妻子知道我在这里么?’ ”There was no doubt in her mind: The blurred-out man moaning in pain was her husband of almost 46 years, the Korean War veteran she met in a support group for parents without partners.至此她的心中再无疑问:这个影像模糊、痛苦呻吟的男子,正是与自己相伴近46年的丈夫,那个她当初在单身父母(parents without partners)后援小组里遇到的韩战退伍军人。“I hear them saying his blood pressure is falling. I hear them getting out the paddles and then I hear them saying, ‘O.K., are you y to pronounce him?’ ”“我听到他们说他的血压正在下降,听到他们拿出心脏除颤器,然后有人说:‘就这样吧,准备好宣布死亡了吗?’ ”She clenched her fists so tightly that “the palms of my hands almost looked like stigmata” and her mouth got so dry that her tongue stuck to the roof “as if I had just eaten a whole jar of peanut butter.”她不由攥紧了拳头,以至于“手掌上都是红色斑痕”;她感到口干舌燥,舌头粘在上颚,“就好像刚刚吃下了一整罐花生酱。”“I saw my husband die before my eyes.”“我看着我的丈夫在我眼前死去。”No one in the Chanko family had given “NY Med” permission to film Mr. Chanko’s treatment at the hospital or to broadcast the moments leading up to his death.钱科一家从未许可《纽约医务组》拍摄钱科先生在医院的治疗过程,或是向公众播放他去世前的情形。Such moments — indeed, all of the intimate details of a person’s health — are supposed to be shared only with a patient and whomever they designate, under a federal law known as Hipaa.根据联邦法律HIPAA(《健康保险隐私及责任法案》)的规定,这样的时刻——事实上,应该说是所有关乎个人健康的私密细节——应该仅限于伤患及其指定的人选才有权了解。In the 18 years since the law was passed, doctors and hospitals have put in place an ever-expanding list of rules meant to protect patient privacy. Yet even in the face of this growing sensitivity, real-life shows like “NY Med” have proliferated, piggybacking off fictional counterparts like “E.R.,” “Grey’s Anatomy” and “House.”自这项法律通过18年以来,医生和医院建立起了越来越多的规则,旨在保护伤患的隐私。然而,即使在人们正变得更加敏感的情况下,借着《急诊室的故事》(“E.R.”)、《实习医生格蕾》(“Grey’s Anatomy”)和《豪斯医生》(“House”)等虚构医务剧的热播之势,《纽约医务组》之类的医务纪实片也层出不穷。Medical ethicists and groups like the American Medical Association worry that these shows exploit patients’ pain for public consumption, but their makers argue that they educate viewers and inspire people to choose careers in medicine.美国医学协会(American Medical Association)等团体和医疗伦理学家担心这些节目是在利用伤患的痛苦供大众消费,但这些节目的制作人则辩解他们是在教育观众,并激励人们选择医学相关的职业。“We have heard many stories of people who were inspired to go to medical school, to become nurses or paramedics, or to head into particular specialties like trauma or transplant surgery after watching our show,” Terence Wrong, executive producer of “NY Med,” said in an email. (He declined to discuss Mr. Chanko’s case or to be interviewed for this article.)《纽约医务组》的执行制片人特伦斯·朗(Terence Wrong)在电子邮件中写道:“我们已经听说过很多这样的事例:人们受我们节目的启发,考取了医学院,成为护士或医务辅助人员,或是钻研起创伤或外科移植手术等特殊专业。”(他拒绝谈论钱科先生的案例,也不愿意就本文接受采访。)Hospitals like NewYork-Presbyterian, meanwhile, have seized upon such programs as a way to showcase themselves, vying to allow TV crews to film their staff and patients — even emergency-room patients sometimes in no condition to give permission. When the first season of “NY Med” was broadcast on A in 2012, the hospital’s vice president of public affairs at the time, Myrna Manners, told PR Week, “You can’t buy this kind of publicity, an eight-part series on a major broadcast network.” (A second season, also based at the hospital, ran over the summer and garnered more viewers than the first. A has not announced whether another season is planned.)另一方面,纽约长老会医院等医疗机构也想要以此类节目作为展示自己的窗口,忙不迭地许可电视台的摄制组来拍摄自己的工作人员和伤患——甚至有时还涉及急诊室接诊的情况危重、根本无法自己表示是否许可拍摄的伤患。2012年,“纽约医学”的第一季在美国广播公司(A)播出,该医院当时主管公众事务的副院长米尔纳·曼纳斯(Myrna Manners)告诉《公关周刊》(PR Week):“在主流传媒网络上播放的八集系列片,这可是花钱也买不到的宣传。”(该剧的第二季在夏季播出,它也是在这家医院拍摄的,并吸引了比第一季更多的观众。A尚未宣布是否计划制作第三季。)For the Chankos, the episode of “NY Med” added a coda of anger to more than a year of grief. Their daughter, Pamela Chanko, 46, said seeing the specifics of her father’s injuries and his death on TV sent her spiraling back into clinical depression. “It just sent me straight back to square one,” she said.但对于钱科一家,这一集《纽约医务组》却是给他们一年多来的悲伤加上了个愤怒的尾声。他们的女儿,46岁的帕梅拉·钱科(Pamela Chanko)表示,因为从电视上看到父亲受伤和死亡的细节,她的临床抑郁症复发了。她说:“这就好像直接把我丢回了原点。”Kenneth Chanko, 57, Mr. Chanko’s son, filed complaints with the hospital, the New York State Department of Health, A, a hospital accrediting group and the ed StatesDepartment of Health and Human Services’ civil rights office.钱科先生的儿子,57岁的肯尼思·钱科(Kenneth Chanko)向纽约长老会医院、纽约州卫生署(New York State Department of Health)、A、一个医院评定组织以及美国卫生与公众务局民权办公室(ed States Department of Health and Human Services’ civil rights office)提交了投诉。The show had caused him “great emotional distress and psychological harm,” he wrote in a complaint to the hospital. “I had to unnecessarily relive my father’s death at your hospital a second time, while knowing that the public at large was able to — and continues to be able to — watch my father’s passing, for the purposes of what can only be described as drive-by voyeuristic ‘entertainment.’ ”这节目给他造成了“巨大的精神痛苦和心理伤害”,他在给医院的投诉信中写道。“我不得不毫无必要地重温我的父亲在贵院去世的情景,而我也知道,广大公众能够——并继续观看我父亲的过世,只是出于一种唯有被称为偷窥癖的性目的。”A quickly removed the segment involving Mr. Chanko from its website, DVDs and future viewings (although not from the promotional blurb for the episode, which still says, “Sebastian Schubl, a Dr. McDreamy-like young trauma surgeon, tries to save the day when a critically injured pedestrian struck by a vehicle is brought to the E.R.”). In 2013, the state cited the hospital for violating Mr. Chanko’s rights.A迅速从其网站、DVD和未来的节目安排中删除了与钱科先生有关的片段(但该集的宣传简介中仍然写道:“塞巴斯蒂安·舒布尔,一名像美梦先生(Dr. McDreamy,《实习医生格蕾》中的男一号)一样的年轻的创伤外科医生,试图挽救被车辆撞成重伤送往急诊部的行人。”)。在2013年,纽约州因长老会医院侵犯了钱科先生的权利而对其进行传讯。That was not enough for the Chankos, who sued A, NewYork-Presbyterian and Dr. Schubl for damages. An appellate panel recently dismissed the case, but the family has asked for that decision to be reviewed. Dr. Schubl and the hospital declined to comment for this article, citing the continuing litigation. A referred a reporter to Mr. Wrong’s statement.但这对于钱科一家来说还远不够,他们又起诉了A、纽约长老会医院和舒布尔医生,要求他们赔偿损失。日前,受理上诉的小组驳回了此案,但钱科一家已要求对该决定进行复审。舒布尔医生和医院均以诉讼仍在继续为由拒绝了本文的置评请求。A则让一名记者引述了朗先生的声明。In court filings, the hospital and A do not dispute that they did not have consent from Mr. Chanko or his family, but they say the patient is not identifiable to the public. The network has asserted that because “NY Med” is produced by its news division, it is protected by the First Amendment. Lawyers for NewYork-Presbyterian have argued that the state does not recognize a common law right to privacy and that any privacy right Mr. Chanko did have ended upon his death. They say that the Chankos themselves are responsible for their loss of privacy.在法庭文件中,医院和A均不否认他们未征得钱科先生及其家属的同意,但他们声称他们已经对片子进行过处理,使普通公众无法辨认出伤患身份。此外,A坚称,《纽约医务组》由其新闻部门制作出品,受《宪法第一修正案》(First Amendment)的保护。纽约长老会医院的律师也主张,该州并未确立承认隐私权的普通法,且在钱科先生死亡后,他的所有隐私权也已随之终结。他们认为,会丧失隐私权是钱科一家自己的责任。“There would today still be no identification of the patient or his family but for the latter’s publication via this lawsuit,” a brief for the hospital says.简言之,该医院认为:“如果不是后来因为这场官司造成的内情披露,直到今天普通观众也不会知道伤患或其家属的身份。”The day Mr. Chanko was hit by a private garbage truck had been entirely forgettable, his wife said. “If I had a diary, I’d leave the page blank.”钱科太太说,她一直刻意遗忘丈夫被私营垃圾车撞倒的那一天。“如果我写日记的话,我会把那一页留白。”They arrived home past 11 p.m. after spending a few days at their second home in Goshen, Conn., in Litchfield County. As they unloaded their luggage, Mr. Chanko looked in the refrigerator and noticed they were out of milk and bananas. He decided to run across York Avenue, in the Yorkville section of Manhattan, to a deli.那天他们离开逗留数日的位于康涅狄格州利奇菲尔德县歌珊地市的另一处住宅,回到家时已经超过晚上11点了。待放下行李之后,钱科先生看了看冰箱,发现牛奶和香蕉都吃光了,于是他决定穿过曼哈顿约克维尔区的约克大道到一家熟食店去。After Mr. Chanko had been gone a few minutes, the building doorman buzzed up and asked Mrs. Chanko to come downstairs. Not understanding the urgency, she said she would be down in a bit.钱科先生出门后才几分钟,大楼的门卫就通过蜂鸣器呼叫钱科太太,叫她下楼一趟。当时她完全没意识到事情有多紧迫,随口回答说自己一会儿就下去。The doorman buzzed again. Moments later, the doorbell rang. When she answered, a longtime neighbor grabbed her arm. “Anita, you have to come with me,” she recalled the neighbor as saying. “Mark needs you. He’s been hurt.”门卫再次呼叫了她。不久,门铃也响了。她过去应门,一个老邻居一把抓住了她的胳膊。“安妮塔,快跟我来,”她记得那位邻居这样说道。“马克需要你。他受伤了。”When she got downstairs and walked outside, Mrs. Chanko saw an ambulance and her 83-year-old husband on a gurney, his head bandaged. The neighbor drove her to NewYork-Presbyterian. There, she watched as the medical team hurriedly pushed the gurney carrying her husband near the emergency room.她下楼走了出去,看到一辆救护车,她83岁的丈夫躺在轮床上,头部缠着绷带。邻居开车将她送到了纽约长老会医院。在那里,她看着医务人员急匆匆地将载着她丈夫的轮床推到急诊室附近。“I rushed up because I wanted to run alongside him and just hold his hand and reassure him and say, ‘You’ll be OK,’ ” she said. The doctor said no. “That would have been my last chance to even say something to him.”“我冲了上去,因为我想要跟在他身边,握着他的手,安慰他说:‘你会没事的,’ ”钱科太太说。但医生不许。“这是我最后一次有机会跟我的丈夫说话。”Mr. Chanko was initially alert and awake, and able to respond to questions, medical records show. But he was in bad shape: His pelvis had been broken in several places, as had his left femur. The skin was ripped off his right leg.病历显示,钱科先生起初还是警觉和清醒的,并能对问题做出反应。但他的情况确实很糟:骨盆和左股骨都有多处骨折。右腿的皮肤也被撕剥开来。Outside the operating room, doctors and nurses could not detect Mr. Chanko’s pulse and resuscitated him. In the operating room, he became more unstable, medical records show. Twice more they tried to bring him back. He was pronounced dead at 1:17 a.m.手术室外,医生和护士检测不到钱科先生的脉搏,对他实施了心肺复苏。病历显示,进入手术室后,他的状态变得更加不稳定了。他们多次试图将他抢救回来。但钱科先生还是在凌晨1:17被宣布死亡。Dr. Schubl and a social worker walked into the conference room, where the family was waiting, and shut the door.舒布尔医生和一名社工一起走进了家属们一直等候着的会议室,关上了门。“I did everything I possibly could,” Dr. Schubl told them. “Unfortunately, he did not survive. I am sorry.”“我们已经尽力了,”舒布尔医生告诉他们。“不幸的是,他没能撑过来。请节哀顺变。”The family did not know until the episode was broadcast that a camera was focusing on the closed door of the room where they had gathered and that audio of Dr. Schubl was being recorded.直到那期节目播出后,这家人才知道,就在他们齐聚的那个房间里,有个摄像头正对着那扇紧闭的房门,舒布尔医生所说的话都被录了下来。Afterward, on the episode, Dr. Schubl turned to the camera and said: “Rough day. Rough day.”在那一集片子里,后来舒布尔医生将脸转向了摄像头,说道:“真是艰难的一天呐。”“It was the last clip before the commercial,” Mrs. Chanko said, “or as I put it, ‘Watch this man die, now we’re going to sell you some detergent.’ ”“这是播放广告前的最后画面,”钱科太太说,“要让我说,他们这样是想表达,‘看完这男子的惨死,现在我们可以卖给你们洗涤剂了。’ ”According to PR Week, the public affairs staff at NewYork-Presbyterian contacted Mr. Wrong in 2008, eager to bring one of his shows to the hospital. Mr. Wrong had completed two shows based at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore and was working on another in Boston. After three years of trying, production began in 2011 at two campuses of NewYork-Presbyterian: Weill Cornell on the Upper East Side and Columbia University Medical Center in Washington Heights (some filming also took place at Lutheran Medical Center in Brooklyn). But two months into filming the first season, Mr. Wrong later told The Philadelphia Daily News, “Weill Cornell was just not delivering enough traumas.” To capture more drama and action for “NY Med,” he said he signed contracts with other emergency rooms and began keeping graphers in NewYork-Presbyterian’s emergency room at Weill Cornell 24 hours a day.《公关周刊》称,纽约长老会医院的公共事务人员曾在2008年联络朗先生,希望他能在该院拍摄节目。此前,朗先生已在巴尔的的约翰斯·霍普金斯医院(Johns Hopkins Hospital)拍摄完成了两部节目,当时正在波士顿拍摄另一部。经过三年的努力,2011年,节目终于在纽约长老会医院的两个校区:上东城的威尔康奈尔和华盛顿高地的哥伦比亚大学医学中心(Columbia University Medical Center)开拍(也有部分镜头在布鲁克林的路德会医疗中心[Lutheran Medical Center]拍摄)。但在第一季开拍两个月后,朗先生向《费城每日新闻》(Philadelphia Daily News)透露:“威尔康奈尔接诊的伤病不够多。”他说,为了给《纽约医务组》寻找更多剧情,自己已经与其他急诊室签约,并开始对纽约长老会医院在威尔康奈尔的急诊室进行每天24小时不间断的连续摄像。Mr. Wrong ended up with thousands of hours of footage, and the luxury of cutting any example that was not perfect, he told Capital New York last year. “You can be shut out of a critical moment that the case lacks emotional resonance without,” he said. “I will give you one of those: the ‘goodbye’ moment, it is the moment where a family says goodbye to their loved one going into surgery. If you don’t capture that moment, because a nurse shut the door on your camera’s face, you kill that piece. “朗先生告诉网络媒体Capital New York,去年他总共录制了数千小时的素材,但有幸剪出来的样片也都不理想。“如果你在关键时刻被拒之门外,案例就失去了情感上的共鸣,”他说。“举个例子:‘告别’时刻,也就是家属对他们将要上手术台的心爱之人说再见的时刻。如果护士把你的摄像机拒之门外,你就捕捉不到那一刻,整个案例就毁掉了。”Some of the patients and families captured by Mr. Wrong’s cameras have no complaints. “I think they were honest in their portrayal of our family and the love that we had and the concerns that any average family would go through when faced with this type of surgery,” said Dara van Dijk, whose mother’s heart valve operation was featured on the same episode as Mr. Chanko’s death. Ms. van Dijk did have one quibble: She was shown falling off a chair while meeting Dr. Oz in the episode. “In a million years, I didn’t think that they would show that,” she said.也有部分被朗先生的摄像机拍到的伤患和家属并无怨言。在录下钱科先生死亡的那一集节目中,还介绍了一位女士的心脏瓣膜手术,这位患者的女儿达拉·范戴克(Dara van Dijk)说:“我认为他们只是诚实地记录下了我们的家庭,我们的爱与忧虑,而这些是面对这种手术的任何普通家庭都要经历的。”不过,范戴克女士也不是完全没有牢骚:那一集有个镜头是她见到奥兹医生时从椅子上摔了下来。“我万万没想到他们会把这个片段也播了出来,”她说。Typically, hospitals have not received money in return for allowing medical reality shows to set up shop, and NewYork-Presbyterian is no exception, an A spokeswoman said in an email.A的女发言人在一封电子邮件中表示,通常情况下,医院不会因允许医务纪实片在本院拍摄而收到金钱报酬,纽约长老会医院也不例外。The real payoff for participating hospitals is distinguishing themselves at a time when other forms of promotion are no longer as effective, said Jennifer Coleman, the senior vice president of marketing and public relations for Baylor Scott amp; White Health, a large hospital system in Texas. Baylor self-produced a reality series about its cancer center and paid to broadcast it on local television. “Advertising is just so saturated right now,” she said. “You put your thumb over anybody’s ad and it’s just the same. That’s what people are trying to break through.” By participating in a major network program, she added, “They get that endorsement.”得克萨斯州的大型医疗机构Baylor Scott amp; White Health的市场营销和公共关系高级副总裁珍妮弗·科尔曼(Jennifer Coleman)指出:医院参与拍摄所能收获的真正回报在于:在这个其他形式的宣传推广都不再有效的时代里仍然能够一举成名。Baylor自己也录制了一系列关于其癌症中心的纪实片,并在当地电视台付费播出。“现在,广告已经严重饱和了,”她说。“如果你用拇指把别家的广告盖住,就会发现各家其实没什么区别,因此人们开始追求脱颖而出。”通过参加大型的网络节目项目,“他们得到了认可,”她补充道。Patients caught up in emergencies are especially vulnerable, posing special issues for reality shows. They may not be conscious or be able to speak for themselves; they may be quite literally exposed, as caregivers work to help them.陷入紧急状况的伤患身体尤其脆弱,这给纪实节目造成了特殊的问题。伤患们很可能已经失去了意识,或者无法表达自己的意见;为了方便医护人员的抢救工作,他们的身体也可能会有大面积的暴露。The American College of Emergency Physicians opposes “the filming for public viewing of emergency department patients or staff members except when they can give full informed consent prior to their participation,” yet show after show returns to the emergency room, drawn by the life-or-death stakes.美国急诊医师学会(American College of Emergency Physicians)反对“在急诊科的伤患和工作人员充分知情同意参与前就对他们进行拍摄并提供给公众观看”,然而,生死关头扣人心弦,驱使着一部又一部节目在急诊室里诞生。The New York Times Co. was sued for invasion of privacy in the early 2000s, by a group of patients in New Jersey who appeared in “Trauma: Life in the E.R.,” a series produced for Discovery’s Learning Channel. One appeals court ruled that the show qualified as news and deserved the same protections under the law. Many of the plaintiffs settled their cases individually, a lawyer for them said.21世纪初,新泽西的一群在探索传播(Discovery)学习频道的系列剧《创伤:急诊室里看人生》(“Trauma: Life in the E.R.”)中出镜的伤患就曾经起诉纽约时报公司(New York Times Co.)侵犯隐私。上诉法院裁定,该节目符合新闻标准,应该得到同样的法律保护。一名原告律师表示,许多原告后来都决定单独解决他们的案件。Mr. Wrong of “NY Med” said by email that he had not been sued over his medical shows before: “We put enormous behind the scenes effort into training our team and working in the medical environment.”《纽约医务组》的朗先生通过电子邮件称自己的医务纪实片此前从未受到起诉:“我们在幕后投入了巨大的努力,培训我们的团队要如何在医疗环境下工作。”Mr. Chanko’s family had aly settled a lawsuit against the private sanitation company whose truck backed over him by the time his widow saw the episode of “NY Med” featuring his case.当钱科太太看到《纽约医务组》中关于自己丈夫的案例那一集之前,钱科一家针对肇事卡车的业主——一家民营环卫公司的诉讼已经结案。A couple of hours after watching her husband die on TV, Mrs. Chanko called her daughter-in-law Barbara, a health care ethicist at the ed States Department of Veterans Affairs in Manhattan. Barbara Chanko, 55, remembers standing up in her office and saying, “If this happened, it’s got to be stopped.” When she watched the episode, she was shocked. “We protect patient privacy in everything we do,” she said. “I feel very betrayed by that medical staff for what they did.”在从电视上看到自己丈夫死亡经过的几小时后,钱科太太打电话给自己的儿媳,位于曼哈顿的美国退伍军人事务部(ed States Department of Veterans Affairs)的医疗伦理学家芭芭拉(Barbara)。55岁的芭芭拉·钱科记得自己当时站在办公室里说:“要是真的发生了这种事,必须加以制止。”在观看那集节目后,她十分震惊。“我们会想尽一切办法来保护伤患的隐私,”她说。“这些医务人员的所作所为让我觉得自己受到了背叛。”The Chankos’ son Eric Chanko, 53, a physician who works at a hospital in Ithaca, N.Y., said he, too, struggled to reconcile what he saw on the air with his own work. “They basically did everything that you’re taught in medical school not to do,” he said.钱科家的儿子,53岁的埃里克·钱科(Eric Chanko)是纽约州伊萨卡市的一名医生,他表示他也很难接受节目中自己同行的做法。“他们基本上把医学院里教的不该做的事情都做全了,”他说。In the aftermath of the broadcast, a lawyer for NewYork-Presbyterian tried to assure the family that no one could identify them from what was shown on TV. “Please be assured that your father’s and your family members’ images, likeness and other potentially identifying information were completely obscured in the episode,” the hospital’s associate general counsel, Caroline S. Fox, wrote in an emailed response to Kenneth Chanko’s complaint.节目播出一个月后,纽约长老会医院的一名律师向钱科一家保观众们绝对不可能从影片中辨认出他们的身份。该院的副总法律顾问卡罗琳·S·福克斯(Caroline S. Fox)在回复肯尼思·钱科投诉的电子邮件中写道:“请放心,节目对您父亲和您的家人的影像、肖像和其他潜在可能泄露身份的信息全都进行了模糊处理。”Yet a few weeks later, Mrs. Chanko said she received a call from a woman who used to work as a pet sitter for her and her husband. “She said to me, ‘Do you watch “NY Med?” #39; She said, ‘That was Mark, wasn’t it?’ She recognized him.”然而,钱科太太说,没出几周,一个曾担任她家宠物保姆的女子给她打电话。“她对我说:‘你看《纽约医务组》了么?那个不是马克么?’显然她认出了他。”Officials with the state’s health department concluded that NewYork-Presbyterian had violated Mr. Chanko’s rights and, indeed, its own privacy policy. “The patient was unaware and uninformed that he was being filmed and viewed by a camera crew while receiving medical treatment thus his privacy in receiving medical treatment was not ensured,” inspectors wrote in a citation released under New York’s Freedom of Information Law.纽约州卫生部门官员的结论是,纽约长老会医院侵犯了钱科先生的隐私权,实际上,他们还违反了他们自己的隐私政策。调查人员引用纽约的《信息自由法案》(Freedom of Information Law)称:“伤患在接受医护治疗时被摄制组拍摄和观察,未得到通知,也毫不知情,他在此期间的隐私没有保障。”New York regulators did not impose any sanctions on the hospital.纽约的监管机构并未对该医院施加任何制裁。Federal health officials are still reviewing whether NewYork-Presbyterian was obliged to get permission from Mr. Chanko or his family before allowing a TV crew to film him.联邦卫生官员仍在审查纽约长老会医院是否有义务在电视摄制组拍摄钱科先生之前先征得他或家人的许可。A State Supreme Court judge in Manhattan narrowed the Chankos’ lawsuit, but allowed some claims to proceed. In court filings, lawyers for the hospital and Dr. Schubl made the argument that the law prohibits medical professionals from sharing information about a patient only after he has been examined or treated. Because the “NY Med” film crew had shot during Mr. Chanko’s treatment, they claimed, it was legal.位于曼哈顿的纽约州最高法院的法官缩小了钱科一家的诉讼请求,但允许他们继续主张一部分权利。在法庭文件中,医院和舒布尔医生的律师声称,按照法律规定,只有在伤患得到检查或救治之后,才禁止医疗专业人员泄露伤患的信息。由于《纽约医务组》的摄制组是在钱科先生的治疗过程中拍摄的视频,所以完全合法。In November, an appellate panel issued a unanimous order dismissing the case. The conduct “was not so extreme and outrageous” to justify a claim of intentional infliction of emotional distress, the judges wrote. The doctor and hospital, the judges added, did not breach their duty to avoid disclosing personal information “since no such information” was disclosed.11月,受理上诉的小组一致裁定将此案驳回。法官写道,本案中被告的行为并不像原告声称的那样“极端、无耻”地故意导致受害人的情绪困扰。并补充道,医生和医院没有违背其避免泄露伤患个人信息的义务,因为他们并未披露“此类信息”。The family is working on an appeal. “If this ever got in front of a jury, I can’t imagine a jury not thinking a wrong was done to my father and to us,” Kenneth Chanko said. “Morally and ethically it’s not right, and I would also think that legally it can’t possibly be right.”钱科一家仍在努力上诉中。“如果这个案件真的能送到陪审团面前,我无法想象会有陪审团成员认为那些人对我父亲和我们所做的一切都是正当的,”肯尼思·钱科说。“从道义上和道德上这都是不对的,我相信从法律上讲也必将如此。”Asked what she would do if the case fails, Mrs. Chanko said the family would not stop pushing for redress. “If there’s no applicable law, there most certainly should be,” she said. “I’m willing to just pursue it all the way. Why shouldn’t there be a law against this kind of thing?”当被问及如果此案败诉她会怎么做时,钱科太太回答说他们一家不会放弃错误的纠正。“如果没有适用的法律,那么就该制定一部,”她说。“我愿意一直追求这一目标。为什么不该有部法律来防止这种事情的发生呢?” /201501/356000Distillers from Kirkwall to Kyoto descended on New York this Wednesday for the 17th annual WhiskeyFest, a trade show that often serves as a launching pad for end-of-the-year releases. Below are some of the most buzzed-about bottles that begin hitting stores now.本周三,从柯克沃尔到京都的蒸馏酒制造者们齐聚纽约参加第17届一年一度的威士忌节,这个行业展会通常用来发布年底新品。下面是即将上市的酒品中最受关注的几种。Laphroaig Cairdeas 2014: A salty new single malt拉弗格 ,卡切斯 2014(Laphroaig Cairdeas):新款盐味单一麦芽威士忌“My job is to make sure this doesn’t change,” the master distiller John Campbell says about Laphroaig 10, the brand’s original, 100-plus-year-old formula for single malt peated whisky. And then there’s Laphroaig’s annual release, Cairdeas (pronounced “car-chase”), a relished opportunity for him to craft something new each year. This year’s bottle is made from choice barrels of eight-year Laphroaig finished in amontillado sherry casks, which add notes of clove and blackberry atop the seaweed-peat smokiness Laphroaig is famous for. It’s almost two drinks in one. .99, laphroaig.com“我的工作就是确保它不会变,”制酒大师约翰·坎贝尔(John Cambell)这样谈起该品牌最初的拉弗格10酒,它是一款泥煤单一麦芽威士忌,配方已经沿用了100多年。然后就是拉弗格的年度酒品卡切斯,这对坎贝尔来说是个愉快的机会,可以每年使用点新东西。今年的酒是由精选八年拉弗格酒制成,在阿芒蒂拉多雪利酒桶中陈化,在拉弗格著名的海草泥煤烟熏口感之上增添一丝丁香与黑莓的香气。简直就像两种酒合二为一。74.99美元,laphroaig.comHeaven Hill Parker’s Heritage 2014: Just in time for the season of giving天堂山,帕克的遗产2014(Heaven Hill Parker’s Heritage 2014): 适合感恩节的威士忌Similar to Cairdeas, at least in methodology, Parker’s Heritage from Heaven Hill is an annual distiller’s special, and the 2014 release is an even older expression of the company’s Bernheim Original wheat whiskey. Its flavor is somewhere between buttermilk biscuit and honey brioche, but finishes with soft Ceylon cinnamon. If that doesn’t put you in the spirit of giving, from each sale will be donated to A.L.S. research. .99, heavenhill.com帕克的遗产至少在方法上和卡切斯类似,也是一款年度特别酒品,2014版是该公司的伯恩海姆原始版麦芽威士忌更古老的版本。它的口味在黄油牛奶饼干与蜂蜜奶油面包卷之间,但是有温和的锡兰肉桂后味。每卖出一瓶酒,公司都会向肌萎缩侧索硬化研究捐赠5美元,令你感受感恩精神。89.99美元,heavenhill.com。The Macallan Rare: Sweet States-only Scotch from the Scottish Highlands麦卡伦,珍品(The Macallan Rare),来自苏格兰高地的甜味苏格兰威士忌,只在美国发售Known for its dry and fragrant Scotch, the Macallan is now offering a special States-only release aged exclusively in oloroso sherry casks, aptly called Rare Cask. The naturally amber-colored whisky comes in a bright red hexagonal box and features lots of woodsy peat smoke and raspberry compote upfront, which give way to hints of raspberry cream, burnt sugar and white chocolate. It’ll tickle your sweet tooth without giving you a cavity. 0, themacallan.com麦卡伦以干爽芬芳的苏格兰威士忌闻名,此次提供一款特供美国的酒品,只在欧罗索雪利酒桶中陈化,巧妙地取名为“珍品酒桶”。这款酒呈现自然的琥珀色,被装在亮红色的六角形盒子中,口感是浓重的木质烟煤烟熏味,以及覆盆子蜜饯前味,令人联想起覆盆子酱、焦糖和白巧克力。它能满足你对甜食的嗜好,又不会让你蛀牙。300美元, themacallan.comMaker’s Mark Cask Strength: An undiluted iteration of a classic bar cart staple美格,木桶强度(Maker’s Mark Cask Strength):不稀释的经典酒吧名酒Last year, Maker’s Mark made not-so-small news when the company announced that in order to keep up with demand, it would have to slightly water down its whiskey. Fans rioted, so the company relented. Now, it introduces the first-time release of a completely undiluted Maker’s Mark. Strikingly smooth for a cask-strength bourbon, it starts off like caramel popcorn before opening up with Caribbean spices. This is Maker’s supercharged and, sold in half-size bottles, quite the stocking stuffer..99, makersmark.com去年,美格出了条大新闻,公司宣布,为了满足需求,公司将在威士忌中少量掺水。在粉丝的愤怒声讨下,公司放缓了步伐。如今公司推出了第一款完全不稀释的美格酒。对于一款木桶强度波旁酒来说,它的口感极度平滑,前味是焦糖玉米花味,之后是加勒比海香料味。这是美格的重磅之作,放在半尺寸的酒瓶中,可以充当塞在圣诞袜子里的礼物。39.99美元,makersmark.comHigh West Midwinter Night’s Dram: For the cold evenings to come海威斯特,冬日中旬的夜酌(High West Midwinter Night#39;s Dram):为了即将到来的寒冷夜晚In a nod to Shakespeare, Utah’s High West has rested its popular Rendezvous Rye whiskey in a combination of sweet port and dry French oak barrels. But with notes of cooked plum, cinnamon stick and whole clove, the Midwinter’s Night Dram is — as the name cheekily suggests — not for midsummer. The “limited engagement” whiskey is now being released nationally for the first time and might offer some comfort come Sunday, when we turn back the clocks for Daylight Savings Time and the days get shorter. .99, highwest.com犹他州的海威斯特向莎士比亚致意,将自己受欢迎的“约会黑麦威士忌”(Rendezvous Rye)放在甜肉和法国干橡木酒桶中陈化。但是这款冬日中旬的夜酌却有一丝烤李子、肉桂棒和丁香的香气,如其名所示,并不适合仲夏夜。这款限量版威士忌如今首次在全国发售,或许会在周日夏时制结束,白昼变短之后,为你带来一丝安慰。79.99美元,highwest.com /201411/342602


  Last week, website How Old - which claimed to automatically detect your age from a photo - went viral with millions of intrigued users rushing to test it out.上周,声称从一张照片中自动检测到您的年龄的How Old 网爆红,吸引数以百万计的感兴趣用户尝试。The app, which gathered 35,000 users in a matter of hours, allowed people to upload photos of themselves or their friends, and then analysed their facial structure to determine how old the person might be - with varied results.这个软件几小时内聚集了3.5万用户,允许人们上传自己或朋友的照片,然后分析他们的面部结构来判断这个人的年龄——结果不尽相同。And now, keen to jump on the face recognition technology, a new app claiming to tell a guy how manly he is has launched.现在,借着人脸识别技术的东风,一个宣称能识别男人的男子气概的新软件被推出。How-Dude.me claims to determine #39;how dude#39; a man is. All you have to do is upload a snap of yourself or someone else to the #39;#HowDudeRobot#39; and it tells you what percentage #39;dude#39; you are.How-Dude.me 声称能判断一个男人有多“男人”。您需要做的只是上传一张自己的或其他人的快照到“#HowDudeRobot;,它就会告诉你你的男子气概的百分比。The software also provides you with a one liner describing the picture in question, such as #HandsomeRedefined, #Mysterious and #SelfMadeMan.该软件还为图片提供一个线性描述,例如#帅的新定义,#神秘和#自我塑造之人。We put the website to the test with the help of a few famous faces volunteers - and the results were rather insightful.在几个著名面孔志愿者的帮助下,我们对网站进行了测试,而结果非常有见地。Most of the men scored above 50 per cent - with one man even being rated 99 per cent dude.大多数男人的得分都在50%以上,甚至还有一个男人被评为99%的男子气。FEMAIL put One Direction#39;s heartthrob, Harry Styles, to the test and he received a 66 per cent dude rating and was dubbed #39;Captain Fun#39;. His bandmate Niall Horan, meanwhile, was analysed by the app and told he had #39;hot friends#39;.FEMAIL 把One Direction组合的成员哈利#8226;史戴尔斯的照片拿来测试,他得到了66%的男人评级,被称为“船长的乐趣”。与此同时,他的乐队成员奈儿#8226;霍朗被该软件分析后告知他有“火辣的朋友”。FEMAIL also tested the app on political party leaders David Cameron, who was dubbed #39;adventurous#39;, Nick Clegg, who was credited for his ability to make ladies laugh, and Ed Milliband, who was ranked 94 per cent dude.FEMAIL还用这个软件测试了政党领袖戴维#8226;卡梅伦,他被描述为“爱冒险”;尼克#8226;克莱格,被称“拥有能让女人们笑起来的能力”;爱德华·米利班德,男子气概评级为94%。Although Prince Harry is the one known for being the life and soul of the party, it was his older brother Prince William who was branded #39;Captain Fun#39; by the app, and Harry was credited for his #39;epic smile#39;.哈里王子以“派对的生命和灵魂”著称,但却是他的哥哥威廉王子被该软件评为“船长的乐趣;,哈里则获赞“史诗般的微笑”。Hollywood stalwart George Clooney got a 77 per cent dude rating and the one-liner #39;Boy#39;s Got Game#39;, whilst British actor Eddie Redmayne, well know for his acting talents, apparently has #39;skills#39;.好莱坞大帅哥的乔治#8226;克鲁尼获得一个77%的男子气概评级和简短评语“游戏男孩;。英国演员艾迪#8226;雷徳梅尼以表演天赋著称,因此被评“有技巧”。The software was devised by the team at Lulu - an app that lets men upload their photos and ask girls for feedback and advice.该软件由Lulu的团队设计,Lulu是一款允许男人们上传自己的照片,问女孩的反馈和建议的应用软件。Men and women can also post anonymous questions for users to answer.男人和女人还可以发布匿名问题来让用户回答。Unlike How Old, this app doesn#39;t have scientific theory to back itself up but aims to be more of a fun activity.与How Old不同,这款应用本身并不具有科学的理论持,更像是一个更有趣的活动。 /201505/374396



  1. “How are you still single? You’re so great。”  “你怎么还单身着!你人这么好。”  2. “It’ll happen when you least expect it。”  “爱情将会发生在你最不经意的时候。”  3. “Don’t you ever get lonely?”  “你从没有感到过孤单吗?”  4. “Aren’t you worried you won’t be able to have kids?”  “你没担心过你可能不会有孩子吗?”  5. “Are you seeing anyone?”  “你现在有交往的对象吗?”  6. “You should try online dating. My friend met their husband/wife that way。”  “你该试试网恋。我有一个朋友就是那么遇到自己的丈夫/妻子的。”  7. “They don’t deserve you。”  “他们配不上你。”  8. “You are such a catch。”  “你条件这么好!”  9. “Don’t worry, you’ll find someone someday。”  “不要担心,你总有一天会找到对的那个人的。”  10. “He’s just not y for a serious commitment yet。”  “他只是还没准备好对你做出认真承诺而已。”  11. “One day when you’re married, you’ll wish you were single。”  “等有一天结婚了,你会希望你还是单身的。”  12. “There are plenty of fish in the sea。”  “天涯何处无芳草。”  13. “You’re just too picky。”  “你只是太挑剔了!”  14. “Just don’t turn into some crazy cat lady。”  “千万不要变成一个爱猫狂啊,大。”  15. “She probably just lost your number。”  “她可能只是把你的号码弄丢了。”  16. At a wedding: “You better get out there, they’re doing the bouquet toss。”  在婚礼上:“你最好离开这儿,他们要抛捧花了。”  17. “You’re just too busy right now。”  “你现在只是太忙了。”  18. “You have to love yourself before you can love someone else。”  “你必须首先爱自己,再去爱别人。”  19. In reference to your best friend: “Have you guys ever thought of dating?”  “你们没想过在一起约会吗?”(指你与你的好朋友)  20. “I can’t wait to meet your future spouse, they are going to be amazing。”  “我等不及想见你未来的另一半了,他们一定让人惊讶。”  21. “We’ll all be laughing about this someday。”  “以后我们想到这个都会笑死的。”  22. “You should let me set you up, I know the perfect person for you。”  “你应该让我帮你撮合,我知道哪样的人最适合你。”  23. “Don’t give up, it’ll happen。”  “不要放弃,爱情总会出现的。”  24. “You don’t need anyone。” DAMN RIGHT!“  你不需要任何人!” 太对了! /201502/359599

  It’s just a few days into the new year. How are you doing on your resolutions? Wait: Have you even started on them yet?新的一年刚过去几天,你的新年计划完成得如何?等等:你开始实施这些计划了吗?Recognizing that the hardest part of many tasks is beginning them at all, two researchers have sought to determine whether certain outside cues can jump-start us toward reaching our goals. Such cues, which manipulate our perception of time, are simple yet effective, according to a recent article in the Journal of Consumer Research.由于认识到对于许多任务,最困难的部分就是开始执行,两名研究人员试图确定,一些外部提示能否快速启动我们的计划,让我们向着目标迈进。根据《消费者研究学刊》(The Journal of Consumer Research)最近的一篇文章,这种提示能够操控我们对时间的感知,简单、有效。In one study, conducted in 2010, the researchers asked two groups of farmers in India to set up a bank account and accumulate a certain amount of money by a deadline, offering extra money as an incentive. One group was approached in June, with a deadline of December that year. The second group was approached in July with a deadline of January the next year.在2010年的一项研究中,研究人员让印度的两组农民开设一个账户,并在截止日期之前积攒一定的资金,而且还给他们提供了额外的资金作为奖励。研究人员于6月找到其中一组农民,给他们设定的截止日期是当年12月,又于7月找到另一组人,给他们设定的截止日期是次年1月。The farmers in the first group were more likely to set up an account immediately, even though both groups had the same amount of time. That’s because the deadline was in the same year as the assignment and therefore seemed more like the present, said Yanping Tu, a Ph.D. candidate at the Booth School of Business at the University of Chicago. She performed the research along with Dilip Soman, a marketing professor at the Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto. (Lest you think that only farmers in India would benefit from this approach, the two researchers also found similar results among undergraduates and M.B.A. students in North America.)第一组中的农民更倾向于快速开设一个账户,尽管两组人拥有的时间一样多。这是因为,截止日期与布置任务的时间在同一年,所以看起来更接近现在,在芝加哥大学布斯商学院(University of Chicago Booth School of Business)攻读士学位的涂艳苹说。她与多伦多大学罗特曼管理学院(Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto)的营销学教授迪利普·索曼(Dilip Soman)一起进行了这项研究。(两位研究者在北美的本科生和MBA学生中,也得出了相似的结果,以免你认为只有印度农民会受益于这种办法。)So the inventors of the New Year’s resolution were on the right track when they had people set new goals on Jan. 1 rather than Dec. 31. But clearly that’s not enough, since the past is littered with unachieved resolutions. Fortunately, there are other time-related cues that can give people that in-the-present feeling.所以,如果让人们在1月1日,而非12月31日来设定新目标,那么新年计划的制定者就走上了正确轨道。但是,这显然还不够,因为过去充斥着太多未完成的计划。幸运的是,还有一些与时间相关的提示,能让人产生活在当下的感觉。In a separate study, the researchers also found that people were “more likely to start working on a task whose deadline is in the current month than in the next month,” even though the number of days to finish the task was the same, Ms. Tu said.研究人员还在另一项研究中发现,“与截止日期在下个月的任务相比,人们更倾向于开始执行截止日期在当月的任务”,尽管完成任务的天数一样,涂艳苹说。Color can also influence the perception of time, she said. She and Professor Soman found that simply by coding a stretch of calendar days in the same color — say, blue — with an assignment occurring on the first “blue” day and the deadline set for the last “blue” day, people were more likely to complete the tasks. Once again, this serves to make the future deadline seem more like the present. (Managers, are you listening? Get out your crayons.)她说,颜色也会影响人们对时间的感知。她和索曼发现,仅仅通过给一系列日历天标上同样的颜色——比如蓝色——在第一个“蓝色”的日子分配任务,截止日期设在最后一个“蓝色”的日子,人们完成这些任务的可能性就会增加。所以,这也能让未来的截止日期显得更加迫近。(管理者们,你们在听吗?请拿出你们的笔。)Research into procrastination has noted that people have much less concern about their future selves than their present selves — and are willing to sell their future selves down the river for the sake of present ease. But when the present marches into the future, and we are confronted with the work that our past selves refused to do, we pay the price in unmet deadlines, all-nighters and general torment.对拖延症的研究指出,与未来的自己相比,人们对现在的自己的关注程度要高很多——而且为了目前的舒适,他们愿意背叛未来的自己。但是,当现在走向未来,当我们面对着过去的自己所拒绝完成的工作时,我们就要在没完成任务的最后期限付出代价,通宵达旦,忍受折磨。So if a few little tricks can manipulate us into thinking that time is of the essence, why not give them a try?因此,既然一些小窍门能让我们意识到时间的宝贵性,为什么不试一试? /201501/352407

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