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2018年12月19日 05:25:37|来源:国际在线|编辑:求医资讯
Business商业报道The revival of independent film独立电影的复兴Scripts, not effects剧本是关键,资金不成问题Independent films are at last recovering from the slump最终,独立电影走出低谷THE Toronto film festival, which ends this week, marks the start of the serious-film season.本周结束的多伦多电影节,标志着严肃题材电影季节拉开了帷幕。Out—at least until Thanksgiving, in late November—go the superhero spectaculars.依靠超级英雄来取票房的电影至少要持续播映到十一月末的感恩节。In come the foreign films and the dining-room dramas.外国电影和文艺影片将走向舞台。The autumn crop is far more prone to failure than the summer one.可以预计的是秋季票房收入比夏季还要惨淡。But highbrow films now come with higher hopes.但高格调电影迎来了更高的期许。For the past few years the independent film business has resembled a low-budget horror movie.过去几年间,独立电影产业的遭遇堪于一部低成本恐怖电影并论。Outside financing was brutally killed in 2008, as banks stopped lending.随着停止给提供贷款,在2008年,外界融资渠道也中断了。Three of the six major studios axed subsidiaries that had specialised in buying independent films.六大电影工作室中的三个停止了之前专门购买独立电影的子公司。Consumers struck another blow by switching from buying DVDs to renting them.消费者接着又补上一记重拳,他们开始租赁光碟而不再购买DVD了。Yet sales at film festivals this year have been brisk.然而,今年各个电影节的影片销售却一路高歌猛进。New buyers such as CBS Films and Open Road Films have emerged to replace the departed studios.新的买家如CBS和Open Road Films公司开始取代离开此领域的工作室。The larger independent outfits have steadied.更大规模的独立摄制组运作也趋于平稳。The Weinstein Company, which almost collapsed two years ago, is basking in the success of “The Kings Speech.两年前处于破产边缘的韦恩斯坦公司,依靠着国王的演讲,咸鱼翻身。Lionsgate has shaken off an activist investor, Carl Icahn, who had argued it should get out of film production.狮门公司摆脱了它那位激进的投资商卡尔?伊坎,他曾主张狮门公司应该关闭其电影业务。Summit Entertainment, maker of the popular “Twilight films, closed a large financing deal in March.暮色系列电影的制造商,顶峰公司在三月拒绝了一笔数额巨大的收购提议,决定不出售公司。It helps that films have become cheaper to make.电影制作成本的下降对独立电影业的发展有着推波助澜的效果。Actors salaries remain depressed,演员们的薪水依然不高,and indies have become expert at exploiting competition between states and countries, which lavish subsidies on them.各独立电影制作公司精于利用州与州,国与国之间的竞争关系,从中获取慷慨的补助。Most important, says Morris Ruskin, the head of Shoreline Entertainment,海岸的老板 莫里斯.若斯金表示,a glut of films commissioned in the era of loose credit has at last worked its way through the pipeline.最重要的是,信贷宽松时期充斥着被委托制作的电影,如今终于熬出头了。“Weve gone from a market that was saturated with films to a market that is hungry for them, he says.他谈到:“那个供应饱和的市场已经远去,现在市场对电影变得趋之若鹜。The post-financial-crisis independent film business is both more independent and more focused on film than before.后金融危机的独立电影业较之以往,即更为独立,也更注重电影本身。The three major studios that got out of indie films—Disney,退出独立电影行列的三大电影工作室—迪斯尼、派Paramount and Warner Bros—have not returned and are concentrating on a few expensive blockbusters.拉蒙和华纳兄弟——并没有重返独立电影业,而是将重心放在了花费高昂的大成本影片当中。And the collapse of DVD sales means it is more important to drive people to cinemas. Richard Abramowitz,光盘销售业的凋零使得把观众请到电影院变得尤为重要。who is distributing the racing film “Senna in America, says the sp of Blu-ray cinema projectors has cut costs dramatically.正在负责赛车题材电影塞纳营销工作的理查德?阿布拉莫威茨谈到,蓝光播放器的普及使得其制造成本大大降低了。The business is more international, too.独立电影业也更趋于国际化。Roman Polanskis latest film, “Carnage,罗曼波兰斯基的最新力作杀戮was financed by Europeans,由欧洲电影公司投资。with American distribution added almost as an after-thought.美国的发行商随后也加入进来,虽然有马后炮的嫌疑。Total sales of cinema tickets fell slightly in America last year.去年,美国电影的总票房收入略有下降。But they were up in Europe, and soared in Russia.但在欧洲电影票房喜人,在俄罗斯则称的上是一路飙升。Talky dramas are harder to export than cartoons or action flicks, which is partly why the major studios now concentrate on such things.对话比重多的电影比卡通片和动作片出口要困难,这部分说明了为何现在大的电影巨头把后两者视为重心。But independent horror films sometimes travel well.但独立电影业出品的恐怖电影有时在海外票房堪佳。It is still a harsh business.电影业的竞争依旧激励。No fewer than 3,812 full-length movies were submitted to the 2011 Sundance film festival.多达3812部长篇电影提交参审2011年的圣丹斯电影节。Yet only 550 films open in American cinemas each year, and most lose money.然而美国影院每年放映影片的数量却只有550部,大部分电影的投资打了水漂。The business runs on hope.独立电影业前景看好,发展显著。But there is, finally, enough money to keep the projectors running.但说到底,是足够的资金持着拍摄项目的运作。 点击此处下载本期经济学人讲解PDF与音频字幕 /201304/233644

Frozen Smoke固体烟Male:Whats as light as smoke but strong as a brick?什么东西既可以跟烟一样轻,又可以跟砖块一样重?Female:Im gonna take a while guess and say... aerogel?让我想会儿……气凝胶?Male:Sorry,yaoyao,the answer is... Wait a second! Did you say aerogel? How did you know?瑶瑶,不好意思,是……等等!你说的是气凝胶吗?你是怎么知道的?F:Yeap! Did you know that aerogel is the lightest solid on earth?是的!你知道气凝胶是地球上最轻的固体吗?M:I was going to tell you that.我刚刚正要告诉你呢!F:Another cool thing is that it starts out as a kind of chemical Jello. Then the gel is dried in a powerful pressure cooker and emerges as a very lightweight, dry, sponge-like material that looks like frozen smoke.了不起的是,气凝胶开始是作为一种化学凝胶物的。然后胶体在压力很强的锅里变干,成为了一种重量很轻、很干燥、类似海绵状,看起来像固体烟雾的物体。M:OK! Did you know that aerogel is ninety-nine-point-eight percent air?是的!那你知道气凝胶中99.8%都是空气吗?F:Sure.That was in your notes.And its incredibly light-one thousand times less dense than glass. But its also really strong and an excellent insulator.知道啊!你的笔记中有的!气凝胶相当的轻,轻到密度只有玻璃的千分之一。但它也很结实,是几号的绝缘体。M:Is there anything you dont know about aerogel? For instance,scientists are using it to try to capture dust particles from the tail of a comet. When the particlesslam into an aerogelpanel aboard a space probe, theyll bury themselves inside and leave visible trails. Since aerogel is mostly air, it wont damage the particles.关于气凝胶,你还有什么不知道的吗?比如说,科学家正在试图用它捕捉彗星经过的微尘。当(微尘)颗粒猛烈撞击到航空探测器上的气凝胶板时,它们将会自然,从而留下可见的痕迹。因为气凝胶差不多等同于空气,并不会破坏(微尘)颗粒。F:Actually, I know that too.其实这个我也知道! /201208/197050

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